Reported speech is when we express or say things that have already been said by somebody else.
Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.
We also providing Extra Questions for Class 10 English Chapter wise.
Reported Speech Dialogue Exercises For Class 10 Cbse With Answers PDF
Reporting of the words of a speaker in one’s own words is called Narration. There are two ways of reporting what people say: Direct Speech and Indirect Speech. Direct Speech. The actual words of the speaker using quotation marks are called Direct Speech. Indirect Speech. When we convey the speaker’s words in our own words it becomes Indirect Speech. It is the reporting of speakers’ words, using a saying or asking verbs. In indirect, verbs giving or asking for instructing are often used with a to-infinitive construction. Verbs expressing intention may also be followed by a to-infinitive.
There are basically four types of sentences in which we can convert direct speech into Indirect speech.
- Assertive Sentences (Statements)
- Interrogative Sentences (Questions)
- Imperative Sentences (Commands and Requests)
- Exclamatory Sentences (Strong Feelings)
To convert a Direct speech into an Indirect speech, we have to make some necessary changes.
Change No.1. Remove the commas and inverted commas. Use any conjunction.
Change No.2. In Reported Speech, there are some words which show nearness, but they are always converted into words which show distance.
They are as follows:
|yesterday||becomes||the previous day|
|last night||becomes||the previous night|
|last week||becomes||the previous week|
|tomorrow||becomes||the following day|
|next week||becomes||the following week|
Note. ‘Come’ is changed into ‘go’ only in that case when any word showing nearness is given with it.
Change No. 3. Change of Person. There are three types of Person in English language which are as follows:
|2. Second Person||You||Your||You|
|3. Third Person||He
Change No. 4. If the reporting verb is in Present or in Future Tense, there is no change in the tense of the Reported Speech. If the reporting verb is in Past Tense, there is always a change in the tense of the Reported Speech, which is as follows:
- Present Indefinite is changed into Past Indefinite
- Present Continuous is changed into Past Continuous
- Present Perfect is changed into Past Perfect
- Present Perfect Continuous is changed into Past Perfect Continuous
- Past Indefinite is changed into Past Perfect
- Past Continuous is changed into Past Perfect Continuous
- Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged
In case of Future Tense, there are only four words which are changed, i.e.
Changes based on the types of sentences.
1. Assertive Sentences (Statements)
Change No. 1. Remove the commas and inverted commas. Use conjunction ‘that’.
Change No. 2. Change the reporting verb ‘say into tell’, ‘says into tell’, ‘said into told’, if the reporting object is given in the sentence. But do not change the reporting verb if the reporting object is not given in the sentence.
Change No. 3. ‘Said to’ can be changed into told, replied, informed, stated, added, remarked, asserted, assured, reminded, complained, and reported, according to the meaning.
Change No. 4. Always remove “to’ from the reporting speech, e.g.
- He said to me, “I cannot help you in this matter.”
He told me that he could not help me in that matter.
- He said, “My sister’s marriage comes off next month.”
He said that his sister’s marriage would come off the following month.
2. Interrogative Sentences (Questions)
Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb ‘said ‘or ‘said to’into‘ asked’ or ‘inquired of’. In case of a single question, change it into ‘asked’ but in case of more than one question, change it into “inquired of’.
Change No. 2. Use conjunction ‘if’ or ‘whether’ if the reported speech starts with a helping verb. But do not use any conjunction if the reported speech starts with an interrogative word.
Change No. 3. Change the Interrogative sense into an Assertive sense.
Change No. 4. Remove ‘?’ question mark and use ‘ . ‘full stop, e.g.
- She said to her servant, “Is tea ready for me?”
She asked her servant if tea was ready for her.
- She asked me, “Who teaches you English?”
She asked me who taught me English.
3. Imperative Sentences (Commands and Requests)
Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb‘said’ or ‘said to’ into ordered, commanded, requested, advised, warned, forbade, suggested, encouraged, persuaded, begged, etc. according to the sense.
Change No. 2. Remove the commas and inverted commas, use conjunction ‘to’.
Change No. 3. Change the Imperative sense into Infinitive sense.
Change No. 4. Remove ‘do not and use ‘not to’ in case of Negative Imperative sentences, e.g.
- The teacher said to me, “Stand up on the bench.”.
The teacher ordered me to stand up on the bench.
- The General said to the soldiers, “March forward and attack the foe.”
The General ordered the soldiers to march forward and attack the foe.
- The gardener said to the boys, “Do not pluck the flowers.”
The gardener forbade the boys from plucking the flowers.
4. Exclamatory Sentences (Strong Feelings)
Change No. 1. Change the reporting verb ‘said’ or ‘said to’ into “exclaimed with joy’ or ‘exclaimed with sorrow’, ‘cry out, “pray’, etc., according to the sense, i.e.
- Exclaimed with joy–in case of Aha! Ha! Hurrah!
- Exclaimed with sorrow–in case of Ah! Alas!
- Exclaimed with surprise–in case of Oh! What! How!
- Exclaimed with regret–in case of Sorry!
- Exclaimed with contempt–in case of Pooh! Pshaw!
- Applauded with saying–in case of Bravo! Hear!
Change No. 2. Use very or great by removing what or how.
Change No. 3. Use conjunction ‘that.
Change No. 4. Remove exclamatory word and exclamation sign ‘!’ The student must select the verb best suited to the sense or context, e.g.
- They said, “Hurrah! We have won the match.”
They exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
- She said, “Alas! I have lost my bridal ring.”
She exclaimed with sorrow that she had lost her bridal ring.
- She said, “How charming the scenery is!”
She exclaimed with surprise that it was a very charming scenery.
Reported Speech Exercises Solved Example With Answers for Class 10 CBSE
Diagnostic Test – 29
Mother: Why are you looking so worried?
Daughter: My exams are approaching.
Mother: When will they start?
Daughter: Next month, Mother.
Mother asked her daughter (a) …………………… The daughter replied that (b) …………………… Mother further asked (c) …………………… The daughter told her mother that they would start in the following month.
(a) why she was looking very worried
(b) her exams were approaching.
(c) when they would start.
|Score: For each correct answer award yourself 1 mark.
4 – 5 good
3 or less you need to develop grammar skills through adequate practice