Modals Exercises for Class 11 With Answers

What are modal verbs?
Modals (also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries) are special verbs that behave irregularly in English. They are different from normal verbs like “work, play, visit…” They give additional information about the function of the main verb that follows it. They have a great variety of communicative functions.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

Modals Exercise For Class 11 CBSE With Answers PDF

Use suitable modals to complete the dialogue given below.

Dr. Grewal: I hate to say this, Mr Rai, but you are in terrible shape.
Mr. Rai: I know, what …………………………. I do?
Dr. Grewal: Well since you are so overweight you …………………………. go on a diet.
Mr. Rai: You are right. I …………………………. not eat so much fried stuff.
Dr. Grewal: That’s right, and you …………………………. also start exercising.
Mr. Rai: …………………………. I start with walking for an hour every day?
Dr. Grewal: Yes, but what is most important is that you …………………………. quit smoking immediately.
Answer:
Dr. Grewal: I hate to say this, Mr Rai, but you are in terrible shape.
Mr. Rai: I know, what should I do?
Dr. Grewal: Well since you are so overweight you must go on a diet.
Mr. Rai: You are right. I should not eat so much fried stuff.
Dr. Grewal: That’s right, and you should also start exercising.
Mr. Rai: Could I start with walking for an hour every day?
Dr. Grewal: Yes, but what is most important is that you must quit smoking immediately.

The words that describe the ‘mode’ of the verb are called modals. They are also called modal auxiliaries. They are never used alone. Together with the verb which follows them, they express the mode or manner of the action denoted by the verb.

The main modals are:
can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to, need to have to

The negative modals are:
couldn’t, wouldn’t, shouldn’t, mustn’t, needn’t, oughtn’t/ought not to

Modal Example Uses
can/can’t She can swim very well.
It can rain today.
Can you help me?
Can I help you with this work?
ability
possibility/probability
request
offer
could/couldn’t Could you please repeat what you said?
We could go for a movie today.
I think you could come first this time.
There was a time when I could run with the hare.
request
suggestion
possibility/probability past ability
may May I have some sugar?
May I help you?
May I open the window?
India may become a super power by 2020.
May God bless you.
request
offer
permission
possibility/probability
wish/desire
might They might give us a good discount. future possibility/probability
will/won’t It is raining so I will stay at home.
I will help you if you come over.
Will you help me?
It will rain tonight.
I will get you a laptop from Australia.
intention
offer
request
prediction
promise
would/wouldn’t Would you mind if I take an off tomorrow?
Would you pass the salt?
Would five o’clock suit you?
Yes it would.
Would you have dinner with us tonight?
Would you prefer tea or coffee?
permission
request
making arrangements
invitation
preference
shall/should Shall I help you?
Shalt we meet at 3.00 p.m.?
We should check the timings of the train.
You should listen to your conscience.
offer
making arrangements
recommended action
advice
ought to You ought to serve your parents.
The bus ought to be here any minute.
advice
probability
must/mustn’t We must make a move now.
You must do your duty.
obligation
necessity
need He need not go to the market.
You need to lose weight.
I need to take time off.
necessity
compulsion
insistence

Fill in the blanks with suitable modals.

If we sit in an incorrect posture, we …………………………. strain our backs. As far as possible, this …………………………. be avoided. If the posture becomes a part of habit, a low back pain invariably develops. It …………………………. be cured if we become conscious of our posture. We …………………………. also take time out to perform a few exercises. If the exercises are done regularly, the backache …………………………. certainly be cured. It …………………………. also improve blood circulation within the spine.
Answer:
If we sit in an incorrect posture, we will strain our backs. As far as possible, this should be avoided. If the posture becomes a part of habit, a low back pain invariably develops. It can be cured if we become conscious of our posture. We should also take time out to perform a few exercises. If the exercises are done regularly, the backache will certainly be cured. It will also improve blood circulation within the spine.

Fill in the blanks with suitable modals.

Whenever I think of my school Principal, I feel highly impressed by his habit of going on a regular morning walk. He …………………………. get up early. Rain or storm, he …………………………. go for a walk. Even when he fell ill, no one in the house …………………………. stop him from going out. He …………………………. always say that morning walks …………………………. cure him of illnesses and he was right. He never fell ill. At the age of seventy – five, he …………………………. run for miles together and …………………………. leave youngsters far behind. Now he is running ninety miles …………………………. he live long!
Answer:
Whenever I think of my school Principal, I feel highly impressed by his habit of going on a regular morning walk. He would get up early. Rain or storm, he will go on for a walk. Even when he fell ill, no one in the house could stop him from going out. He used to always say that morning walks—cure him of illnesses and he was right. He never fell ill. At the age of seventy—five, he—run for miles together and even leave youngsters far behind. Now he is running ninety miles. May he love long!

Fill in the blanks with suitable modals.

The art of cooking was perfected in ancient India. When people were eating raw meat the world over, Indians …………………………. prepare hundreds of food items from one single commodity. Even today we know that we …………………………. prepare many items from milk alone. It …………………………. be curd, butter, cheese, sweet burfis, etc. Unfortunately this milk-producing country is running short of milk. We …………………………. not improve this condition unless we pay serious attention to our milk – cattle. We …………………………. improve their breed by new scientific methods. Attention …………………………. also be paid to their proper nourishment.
Answer:
The art of cooking was perfected in ancient India. When people were eating raw meat the world over, Indians would prepare hundreds of food items from one single commodity. Even today we know that we can prepare many items from milk alone. It may be curd, butter, cheese, sweet burfis, etc. Unfortunately this milk—producing country is running short of milk. We will not improve this condition unless we pay serious attention to our milk—cattle. We ought to improve their breed by new scientific methods. Attention must also be paid to their proper nourishment.

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