Factual Description Class 12 CBSE Format, Topics Exercises and Examples

Factual description is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. Such a writing task is essentially sequential and directional – proceeding from one point to the other in a fixed direction. Although the focus is on factual accuracy, stylistic creativity and innovation make the description more interesting for the reader. Otherwise, a factual description may become mundane and boring.

The factual description is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. Such a writing task is essentially sequential and directional – proceeding from one point to the other in a fixed direction. Although the focus is on factual accuracy, stylistic creativity, and innovation, makes the description more interesting for the reader. Otherwise, a factual description may become mundane and boring.

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

Factual Description Class 12 CBSE  Format, Topics Exercises and Examples PDF

While writing factual description, students must show:

  • an eye for detail
  • power of observation Points to remember
  • be objective
  • your presentation should be logical and systematic

The factors that are essential for effective paragraph writing are:

  • unity
  • cohesion
  • the logical development of thought

The entire piece should concern itself with a single controlling idea. Rambling or deviating from the task at hand should definitely be avoided. Connectives and linkers are essential to make the passage interesting and understandable. The thought should be built up by providing adequate details. The description must be sequential with important details listed first, followed by the not – so – important details. Important: Make careful use of tenses while giving a factual description.

Format:
The factual description is arranged as follows:

  1. Topic Sentence: It is the first sentence. It introduces the main idea of the paragraph.
  2. Supporting Details: These come after the topic sentence, making up the body of the description. They give details to develop and support the main idea.
  3. Closing Sentence: This is the last sentence(s). It restates the main idea and sums up the thoughts using different words.

While writing factual description, the following points must be kept in mind:
(a) Place

  • Name
  • Location
  • Dimensions — shape, colour, design, (material stored, if any)
  • Atmosphere
  • Sights, sounds, smell
  • Purpose/use
  • History
  • Importance
  • Summing up

(b) Person

  • Name
  • Relationship with writer
  • Social status/role/profession
  • Looks (features, clothes, height, health)
  • Characteristics of personality
  • Opinion of others about him
  • Any other relevant point (could be brought about by narrating an incident)

(c) Object

  • Name
  • Dimensions — shape, colour, design, (material stored, if any)
  • Make/model (year of manufacture)
  • Purpose/use
  • Operational details
  • Functions/importance
  • Price
  • Availability
  • Material
  • Use
  • Summing up

(d) Process

  • Name and title
  • Steps in sequential order
  • Observed facts and conclusions drawn
  • Present tense/passive voice
  • Use of objective language

Factual Description Sample Example for Class 12 CBSE

1. Write a brief description of travelling by a state-owned city bus.

2. Briefly describe your visit to a hospital.

Students of Tyndale Biscoe School, Srinagar, were taken to a career – counselling workshop organized by HT – PACE. Rahul Kaul, the Head Boy, was told to write a description of the process of choosing a career for the school newsletter. Complete the following report for Rahul.

How to Choose a Career
By Rahul Kaul

While planning a career it is essential (a) …………………………….. . Think about your strong points . and qualities. Prioritize them and (b) …………………………….. (c) as possible on the various career options available from (d) …………………………….. such as newspapers, magazines and the school counsellor. Meet successful people from (e) …………………………….. doctors, engineers, lawyers, journalists, etc. Attend (f) …………………………….. workshops and discuss the pros and cons of specific careers (g) …………………………….. . Then think of the requirements of available career options in relation to your abilities and aptitudes. Finally (h) …………………………….. and work hard to achieve your dream.

Answer:
(a) that you make a thorough analysis of your abilities and aptitude
(b) explore the various suitable career options.
(c) Collect as much information
(d) various sources
(e) different walks of life like
(f) career counseling
(g) with experts
(h) decide upon a career

Factual Description Practice Example for Class 12 CBSE

1. Write a factual description of a multiplex cinema in your locality in 100–125 words.

2. Write a factual description of a flea market in 100–125 words.

3. Describe a hovercraft in about 100–125 words.

4. Sheetal’s younger sister Seema is leaving for a boarding school. She wants to know the method of preparing tea. Sheetal decides to explain the process to her. Write the description of the process in not more than 125 words.

5. Describe a computer in about 125 words.

6. Your class will be going on a class picnic next week. Your teacher has written a set of directions and instructions and puts it on the class notice board. It includes dos and don’ts and directions about planning and organizing food and games. Write her directions in about 100–125 words.

7. Your younger brother has joined a boarding school. He wants to open a savings bank account. Write how to open a S.B. account in not more than 125 words.

8. Your younger brother, who is in a boarding school, wants to know how to prepare for the board exam. Give him a few tips in not more than 125 words.

9. You are going to the railway station for the first time to get your reservation, your father gives you detailed instructions. Write how to get your seat reserved in a train in not more than 125 words.

10. You recently visited Agra on an excursion organized by the school where you visited the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Sikandra. Write a brief description of the city and its architecture in not more than 125 words.

11. Porters (or, coolies as they are called in India) are a common sight at railway stations. Write a brief description of a coolie in not more than 125 words.

12. A penfriend in a foreign country has asked you what your home is like. He/she has never visited India and does not know what houses here are like. Describe your home for him/her in not more than 125 words.

13. Auto – rickshaws are a common sight on Delhi roads. In fact, they are becoming increasingly popular all over the globe. Describe to your penfriend what an auto-rickshaw looks like. Do not exceed 125 words.

14. Write a brief description of a microwave oven in not more than 125 words.

15. Write the description of your grandmother in not more than 125 words.

16. Your brother does not know what a first – aid box is. He is going alone on a school trip. Put together a first – aid box for him. Then describe the box and its contents to him.

17. Your school has recently shifted the school library to a spacious hall with many facilities and it draws more students, thus promoting reading habits among students. You are XYZ, the school pupil leader. Write a factual description of the library in not more than 125 words.

18. Write a brief review of the book that you enjoyed reading the most. Do not exceed 125 words.

19. The railway station is a bustling place. Describe the scene you witnessed at the railway station in not more than 125 words.

20. Life in a big city offers a number of facilities. At the same time it is quite challenging. Write a brief description of the challenges faced by the residents of a city..Do not exceed 125 words.