Clauses Exercises for Class 9 CBSE With Answers

Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.

We also providing Extra Questions for Class 9 English Chapter wise.

A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. It contains a verb and sometimes other components too. So, how do we distinguish what is a clause and how exactly is it different from a phrase?

Clauses Exercises With Answers for Class 9 CBSE PDF

Each part of the sentence contains a subject and a predicate of its own. As there are two parts of the sentence, there are two clauses.

  • Main Clause
  • Subordinate Clause

1. Main Clause: The teacher told him. It is also called the Principal clause/independent clause as this clause makes complete sense.

2. Subordinate Clause: That he was late. This clause is called a subordinate or dependent clause as by itself, it does not make complete sense. It is dependent on the main clause for its complete sense.

3. A relative clause is a type of clause that begins with a relative pronoun or relative adverb. It can be categorized under the subordinate clause. The relative clause is connected to the main clause byword such as whom, who, that, why, where, etc.


  • I first saw him in London, – where I lived in the late nineties.
    (Main clause) – (relative clause)

4. An adverb clause is a type of clause that modifies verbs. It is a clause which can be classified under the relative clause. Much like an adverb, the adverb clause adds information to the meaning of a word or they help in describing it. It tells us the when, how, where, why, what, and to what extent things happened or happen,

  • When I was in Agra. I saw the Taj Mahal.
  • Raj stayed over until the rains ceased.
  • You need to practice regularly if you want to learn to the guitar.
  • In the event of an emergency, call the police.

The above examples show two forms of an adverb clause. It is of condition and time.

In the case of the adverb clause for time, when as well until is used whereas in the adverb clause for condition, words such as if and in the event is used.

5. Noun clause is a clause that functions as a noun. They can be either a subject or an object,

  • Jack: I like cakes.
  • Jack: I like what i see.

In the given example, we see two instances of clauses, one is the main clause where Jack i.e., I, states that he likes cakes, and in the second instance what i see replaces cakes(noun).

Let’s take a famous quote by Woody alien, ‘My one regret in life is that I am not someone else.’ Can you figure out which is the noun clause?

Clauses Exercises Solved Examples With Answers for Class 9 CBSE

Diagnostic Test 20

Question 1.
Identify the underlined words and choose whether they are adverb clause of time or condition. Make sure you pick the correct answer as some of the underlined words are not a clause.
(a) As soon as he finished studying. Sam went home.
(b) After the flood, the family moved into a temporary shelter.
(c) If you go back in time, you can see dinosaurs.
(d) If it rains, we will not go out.
(e) We know the cake is done when the timer rings.
(a) adverb clause of condition
(b) adverb clause of time
(c) adverb clause of condition
(d) adverb clause of condition
(e) adverb clause of time

Question 2.
Identify at least three noun clauses in this short passage.
Julia d’ Souza loved baking cakes. She would make fluffy ones for her grandmother, chocolate cakes for her nephews and finally tall white vanilla cream cakes for special events.

One day, a customer came in for a look. She went through the entire store and loudly declared, ‘I like what I see’. She came up to the counter and said, ‘I need to speak with the baker’.

Julia wasn’t in the shop that day because poor grandmamma was not feeling too well.

The shy girl, Chiri, was behind the counter. She said. ‘I don’t know how she can be reached.’ Annoyed at this, Ms. Noronha placed a card on the counter and said, ‘If the owner is interested in selling this place, tell her to give me a call. Otherwise, I have other means to persuade.’

What she said was loud and clear. She meant to buy the bakery.

Upon her return, Julia found a distressed Chiri. Chiri explained to her what happened. Julia patted herself and jumped around looking for something. ‘Where I put my things is a mystery,’ she humbly quipped. At last, she drags an old phonebook out of a trunk and takes out an old dilapidated card. The card read Mr. JK. Singh, miracle worker.

Chiri was more curious. Who is this miracle worker? What could he possibly do?

All her questions disappeared the moment he saw Mr. JK Singh, the miracle worker walk into the bakery the very next day.

  • ‘I like what I see’.
  • I don’t know how she can be reached
  • What she said was loud and clear
Score: For each correct answer award yourself 1 mark.
3-4 – good
2 or less – You need to develop your vocabulary and understanding through adequate practice.

The exercises below are for practice. Each type in the examination paper will carry 4 marks instead of 3.