For sentences in the active voice, the subject performs the action; for those in the passive voice, the subject receives the action. Most grammarians recommend using the active voice whenever possible. Here are some examples to help you distinguish between the voices:
Basic English Grammar rules can be tricky. In this article, we’ll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.
We also providing Extra Questions for Class 9 English Chapter wise.
Active and Passive Voice Exercises for Class 9 With Answers CBSE Pdf
Important points to change a sentence from active to passive voice:
- It changes the function of the subject and the object.
- It changes the form of the verb but the tense of the verb remains the same.
- A helping verb may be added (is, am, are, was, were, been, being) with the past participle (3rd form of the verb^.
- An intransitive verb cannot be expressed in passive form (i.e., verbs that do not take an object).
Questioning words are changed as follows:
|What||no change in ‘what’.|
|When||no change in ‘when’.|
|Where||no change in ‘where’.|
|How||no change in ‘how’.|
Personal pronouns change their form as follows:
|Active Voice||Passive Voice|
According to the tense, the following changes occur:
|Tense||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|1. Simple Present Tense||Verb (1st form) s/es, do/does e.g., She loves chocolates.||is/am/are + verb(IIIrd form) Chocolates are loved by her.|
|2. Present Continuous Tense||is/am/are + Verb (1st form) + ing e.g., I am enjoying holidays.||is/am/are + verb (Illrd form) Holidays are being enjoyed by me.|
|3. Present Perfect Tense||has/have + verb (3rd form) e.g., Raju has finished the work.||Has/have + been + verb (Illrd form) The work has been finished by Raju.|
|4. Simple Past Tense||Verb (2nd form) d/ed, did e.g., I bought this dress.||was/were + verb (Illrd form)
This dress was bought by me.
|5. Past continuous Tense||was/were + verb (1st form) + ing e.g., Her friends were celebrating her birthday.||was/were + being + verb (Illrd form) Her birthday was being celebrated by her friends.|
|6. Past Perfect Tense||Had + verb (Illrd form) e.g., They had killed the lion.||had + been + verb (Illrd form) The lion had been killed by them.|
|7. Simple Future Tense||will/shall + verb (1st form) e.g., I shall make breakfast today.||will/shall + be + verb (Illrd form) Breakfast shall be made by me today.|
|8. Future Perfect Tense||will/shall + have + verb (Illrd form) e.g., She will have booked the ticket.||Will/shall + have + been + verb (Illrd form)
The ticket will have been booked by her.
|9. Modals||Model + verb (1st person) e.g., you can solve the puzzle.||Modal + be + verb (Illrd form) The puzzle can be solved by you.|
Active and Passive Voice Exercises Solved Example for Class 9 CBSE
Diagnostic Test 17
Look at the flow chart given below and complete the passage.
Given below is a procedure for cooking rice in the rice cooker.
The electric cooker is brought and (a) ………………………. Then one cup of rice (b) ……………………… . Two cups of water (c) ……………………… . The rice is put in the cooker and the cooker (d) ……………………… . The indicator (e) ………………………. for twenty minutes when the rice is cooked and ready to be eaten.
(a) its inner plate and lid are kept ready
(b) is washed in clean water
(c) are added to it
(d) is switched on
(e) is pressed down and left
|Score: For each correct answer award yourself 1 mark.
4-5 – good
3 or less – You need to develop your grammar skills through adequate practice.
Active and Passive Voice Exercises Practice Example for Class 9 CBSE
The first sentence is in the active voice. Complete the answers by rewriting it with the correct passive voice.
a. The teacher told Raj not to talk in class.
b. People said that the road is closed.
c. The landlord gave me the keys.
d. Who said it?
e. She opens the door.