Innovative Physics Project for Class 12 | Simple Physics Project Ideas for Class 12th Students

Physics is an interesting subject that studies laws of nature, elements of the universe such as light, energy, force, etc. It is an Important Branch of Science and works on the principle of observation and experimentation. Physics Concepts are taught in Senior Secondary Education and it is taught as a separate subject.

Physics Chapters include a broad range of concepts that enhances your level of understanding of the subject. Since Physics is a Practical Subject it demands more practical work and project work at the end of the course. If you are looking for help on Physics Project for Class 12 go through the entire article to be aware of the list of Physics Project Topics for the 12th Class.

Popular CBSE 12th Class Physics Projects

If you are exploring Class 12 Physics Projects for your School or Science Fair then you have come the right way. You will find many Ideas for Physics Topics here and you will become interested in learning and gaining knowledge on Physics. Check out some of the cool projects provided below so that your project will be unique and attractive in your science exhibition.

Electric Car

Making an electric car for your Class 12 Physics Project helps you stand out from the crowd. It is easy to make and fascinating to see it work. Electric Car works on a simple Phenomenon that is force is transmissioned from the motor through the wheel and is carried through two gears. The use of Rubber Bands makes it as a belt. You will get to know various concepts such as Aerodynamics, Electric circuits, Conversion of Energy while working on this project.

Materials Required: A Plastic Board for Car Chassis; 4 Tire Rings; 4 Wheels; Battery; Battery Holder;   Electric Motor; Rubber Bands; Motor Mount; Transmission Pulley; Paper Clips; Screws; Straw.

Electric Motor

Electric Motor is one of the common projects to make in your 12th Class Physics Projects. However, the concepts involved in making the Electric Motor is difficult but making an electric motor is relatively simple. All you need for making the Electric Motor is a Coild of Wire, Magnet, Power Source, etc. It can be a great choice if you are left with a limited amount of time.

Materials Needed: Insulated Wire; Small Circular Magnet; Battery; Modelling Clay; Electric Tape;  Knife; 2 Metal Sewing Needles.

Buoyancy 101

Aim: The following experiment is to check and determine whether a rise in water density can cause a boat haul to sink deeper in water to a noticeable degree as its temperature is raised from 5 degrees C to 95 Degree C.

Theory: This experiment shows that increasing water temperature allows water molecules to move further and decrease upthrust in turn causing more water to be displaced by a floating mass as its buoyancy is decreased. If water molecules spread outwards due to high temperature a rise in water temperature can bring out the remarkable difference in the surface area of water or even a small floating-point.

Materials Required: 128 grams of steel and a Digital Thermometer, 10 Identical Styrene Model Boats

How to Create a Visual Doppler?

Aim: The Experiment is to check what happens to a sound wave by creating a visual model and what happens when a vehicle passes by.

Theory: The principal for Doppler Effect is that for each successive wave crest produced from a position closer to the observer than the crest of the previous wave, the source of waves moves towards the observer. Visual Simulation of what happens to sound waves is created using this project to make them sound very different as the vehicle approaches than what exists.

Materials Needed: Ruler, Tape, Scissors, Toy Car, Some Plain Paper, Two Pieces of Colored Construction Paper, and a Marker or a Camera.

Insulation Value

Aim: This experiment is to equate straw insulation with traditional forms of insulation that are fiberglass, rigid foam panels, which are widely used today.

Theory: The Vital element needed in building an energy-effective contribution is adequate insulation. Insulation will hold the heat inside during cold days. Isolation will trap the heat caused by the sun outdoors on hot days. Insulation Materials are the ones that inhibit the transmission of heat from the house inside and outside. You can use the insulation to protect walls, floors, pipes, and various materials.

Materials Required: Insulation, Speakers, and Digital Thermometer.

Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp

Aim: This project is to determine How much the electrical power supply of an Incandescent Lamp is lost due to Thermionic Emission from the Filament. If these damages are huge, the operational performances of incandescent lamps could be increased by their elimination.

Theory: Power Output can be split into thermionic emission and thermal-radiation elements using the electricity,  ambient-temperature, filament-temperature, etc. Conduction sequentially depends on the temperature of the filament, however, the exposure is proportional to the fourth power of the temperature of the filament.

Materials Needed: 25-watt evacuated light bulb, two high-precision digital meters, programmable power supply, along with a precise digital thermometer.

Marvelous Magnetics

Aim: This Project is to decide how diamagnetism could influence levitation using aluminum foil, paper, plastic, graphite, or no substance.

Theory: In Relation to how many man-made objects use magnetism or even diamagnetism this study interacts with the earth. World’s Fastest Train in Japan runs on Magnetism.

Requirements: Levitation Pedestal, Adjustment Screw, Graphite, Paper, Aluminum Foil, and Plastic in place of the Graphite.

Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum

Aim: The aim behind this project is to research the effect of gas chemical properties on its ability to process and transmit infrared radiation by the gas transmission of infrared light. The first and foremost aim is to mask a plainly transmissive gas heating element.

Theory: Molecular Structure of a Gas can influence transmissivity in the infrared spectrum is confirmed on testing in both forms of the tests. Can of Air has high absorption zones allowing areas of low transmittance that led to some obstacles in the infrared spectrum.

Requirements: PVC Pipe, 8-12 micron infrared camera with digital imagery, Spectroradiometer, Blackbody, and Gases.

Also, See:

Long and Short Wavelength Colors

Aim: The Aim of the Project is to check the exterior and interior temperatures of houses, insulation rates when the houses are painted in solid colors and mixed colors.

Theory: Data Examined reveals that the order of internal temperature readings from top to lowest matched the wavelengths of colors from longest to shortest fairly and closely. Combination Color Houses fell between their stable counterparts in general. However, Exterior Temperature shows that colors like red, red/blue, grey, blue, orange, and control the green/orange house are the warmest. The highest Insulation Rate is followed by green, green/orange, red/blue, red, orange, and control was obtained from blue home.

Materials Required: Oil Paints, Control house was painted White, and Digital and Infrared Thermometers.

Hydro Power

Aim: This Project is held to learn regarding the first-hand force of water.

Theory: At the dam’s foot, hydropower plants are designed to have an advantage of higher water pressure at the dam’s edge. Excess water is funneled into a tube named penstock into the dam. Then, water is concentrated on the turbine’s blades. Water Pressure transforms the engine and the power generator turns the turbine.

Materials Needed: Half gallon paper milk carton, Awl or 10p nail, Gallon of Water, Ruler, Masking Tape, Magic Marker, Pair of Scissors and Pad of Paper and Pencil to make Notes.

Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation

Aim: Use Fiberglass, Pine Shavings, Polyurethane, Polystyrene, Perlite, Cellulose, Polyethylene foil, or Bubble Wrap to find out which recycling process would be an effective electricity insulator.

Theory: This project can be an asset in summer and spend time on heating the house in winter. When compared to other materials it takes a bit long time to cool the fiberglass and took an average time of 12 minutes to heat it. Since it warmed easily and trapped heat to save energy fiberglass is the most powerful insulator.

Materials Required: Particle Board, Light Bulb, Digital thermometer, and Cardboard boxes.

Salt Water Vs Tap Water

Aim: This Experiment is all about Water and Magnet. Since water is diamagnetic use the magnets to transfer water which means it appears to move further from magnets and electromagnets. A Cookie Tray with magnets equally spread along the inside circumference of it.

Theory: Someone who studies about water is called a hydrologist. Study of Dynamics of Electrically Conducting Fluids is referred to as Magnetohydrodynamics or MHD in Short. One among them is Saltwater. You can even levitate a frog if you had a strong magnet. Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic are compounds. To obtain the data you require see whether the water is flowing or not use rubber duckies or food coloring.

Materials Required: Rubber, Angel Food Pie Tin, Food Coloring, Magnets, Timer, and Tape.

List of Physics Project Topics for Class 12

Check out the 50 Physics Project Ideas for Class 12 Students prepared by experts after extensive research. You can avail them during your participation in schools or competitions. They are as such

S.No. Physics Project Topic
1. How to Create a Visual Doppler
2. Buoyancy 101
3. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
4. Insulation Value
5. Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum
6. Marvelous Magnetics
7. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
8. Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation
9. Hydro Power
10. Salt Water vs Tap water
11. Hooke’s Law
12. Proving Universal Gravitation by Warping Space-Time
13. Newton’s Third Law of Motion
14. The Comparison of Thermal Conductivity for Different Metals
15. Brass Instruments and Artificial Lips
16. An Analysis of Black Hole Thermodynamics
17. Emerging Electricity Generating Techniques
18. Measurement of True Noon Time
19. Measuring the Speed of Light
20. Blackbody Thermal Emission
21. Changing the Speed of Light
22. Chemiluminescence
23. Colour vs. Heat Absorption
24. AC Generator
25. Automatic Electric Train Barrier
26. Light Dependent Resistance
27. Rectifier
28. Photoelectric Effects
29. Effect of Tension on The Pitch of a String
30. Effect of Pressure in Ball Bounce Height
31. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
32. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
33. Effect of Pressure on Water Velocity
34. Foam Thickness and Sound Attenuation
35. How Accurate is Parallax
36. Impact of Different Color Filters on the Energy of a Laser Beam
37. Neuronal Nonlinear Dynamics
38. Effect of Sugar Density on the Refractive Index of Water
39. Nonlinear Oscillations in Mechanical Systems
40. How Do Gases Behave in the Infrared Spectrum
41. Verification of Archimedes Principle
42. Hiding in Plain Sight
43. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
44. Light Reflection and Refraction off Liquids
45. Insulation Value
46. Kinetic Energy
47. Murray’s Principle of Minimum Work
48. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
49. Living Color
50. Magnetic Force

Physics Investigatory Projects for Class 12

Below is the list of Investigatory Projects in Physics for Class 12. You can use these Investigatory Physics Project Suggestions available during your science exhibitions or during your school projects. They are as follows

  • To Study the Light Dependent Resistor
  • To Study the Moving Coil Galvanometer
  • To Study Temperature effect on resistivity of Insulators
  • Analytical Study of Drift Velocity in the Low Dimensional Devices
  • Lenz law of Electromagnetic Induction
  • Resonance condition of an LCR Series circuit
  • Eddy Current Effect in the Transformers Windings
  • Law of Polarization of Light
  • Phenomenon of Diffraction of Light
  • Changing the Speed of Light
  • Focalization of Sound Project
  • Principles of Superposition of Waves
  • Doppler Effect and its Applications
  • Nonlinear Oscillations in Mechanical Systems
  • Alternating Magnetic Fields
  • Circular Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole
  • Blackbody Thermal Emission
  • Raft Powered by Surface Tension

Final Words

We believe the knowledge shared regarding the 12th Class Physics Projects has shed some light on you. If you have any suggestions feel free to reach us via comment box so that we can get back to you at the soonest possibility. Stay in touch with our site to avail latest Physics Projects for Class 12 Students.