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How many spiders? _________

One spider has _________ legs.

In all, spider legs are 3 times ________

or + + = ________

or 3 × ______ = ________

**Solution:**

There are __3__ spiders.

One spider has __8__ legs.

In all, spider legs are 3 times __ 8 __.

or 8 + 8 + 8 = __ 24 __.

or 3 × __ 8 __ = __ 24 __.

Do you know this leggy fellow?

This is an octopus.

It lives in the sea.

It also has 8 legs.

So how many legs altogether do 5 octopuses have?

+ + + + = ________

or 5 times ________ = ________

or 5 × _______ = ________

**Solution:**

8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = __40 __

or 5 times __ 8 __ = __40 __

or 5 × __ 8__ = __40__

In the same way, how many bottles are these?

______ times ______ = ______ bottles

**Solution:**

There are 5 rows. Each row has 4 bottles.

__5__ times __4__ = __20__ bottles

How many eggs?

_____ times _____ = _____ eggs

**Solution:**

There are 5 rows and each row has 6 eggs.

__5__ times __6__ = __ 30 __ eggs

*Rewrite using the* + *sign*.

2 × 5 is 2 times 5 or 5 + 5

4 × 18 is 4 times _____ or _____ + _____ + _____ + _____

3 × 20 is _____ times _____ or _____ + _____ + _____

8 × 9 is _____ times _____ or _____ + _____ + _____ + _____ + _____ + _____ + _____ + _____

**Solution:**

4 × 18 is 4 times __18__ or __18__ + __18__ + __18__ + __18__

3 × 20 is __3__ times __20__ or __20__ + __20__ + __20__

8 × 9 is __8__ times __9__ or __9__ + __9__ + __9__ + __9__ + __9__ + __9__ + __9__ + __9__

*Tell how many times!*

9 + 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 | = 6 × 9 | = 54 |

4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 | = 5 × 4 | = 20 |

8 + 8 + 8 | =____ × 8 | = ____ |

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 | = 5 × ____ | = ____ |

30 + 30 + 30 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

12 + 12 + 12 + 12 | = ____ × 12 | = ____ |

6 + 6 + 6 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 | = ____ × ____ | = ____ |

**Solution:**

9 + 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 | = 6 × 9 | = 54 |

4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 | = 5 × 4 | = 20 |

8 + 8 + 8 | = 3 × 8 |
= 24 |

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 | = 5 × 3 |
= 15 |

30 + 30 + 30 | = 3 × 30 |
= 90 |

7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 | = 6 × 7 |
= 42 |

12 + 12 + 12 + 12 | = 4 × 12 |
= 48 |

6 + 6 + 6 | = 3 × 6 |
= 18 |

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 | = 4 × 10 |
= 40 |

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 | = 5 × 2 |
= 10 |

6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 | = 7 × 6 |
= 42 |

Ramu bought 4 packets of biscuits. Each packet has 4 biscuits. How many biscuits did Ramu buy?

**Solution:**

Ramu bought 4 packets of biscuits.

Each packet has 4 biscuits.

Total biscuits that Ramu bought = 4 $\times $ 4

= 16

Ramu bought 16 biscuits.

There are 12 desks in a classroom. Each desk has 4 legs. What is the total number of legs of the desks?

**Solution:**

Number of desks in a classroom = 12

Each desk has 4 legs.

Total number of legs = 12 $\times $ 4

= 48

The desks have 48 legs.

Sabiha brought home 3 bunches of flowers. Each bunch has 4 flowers. How many flowers were there?

**Solution:**

Sabiha brought 3 bunches of flowers.

Each bunch has 4 flowers.

Total number of flowers = 3 $\times $ 4

= 12

There were 12 flowers.

One rail coach has 8 wheels. How many wheels in all in 6 coaches?

**Solution:**

Number of wheels in one rail coach = 8

Number of coaches = 6

Total number of wheels = 6 $\times $ 8

= 48

There are 48 wheels in 6 coaches.

**How Many Times 2?**

1 time 2 | is 2 | or 1 × 2 | = 2 |

2 times 2 | is 4 | or 2 × 2 | = 4 |

3 times 2 | is 6 | or 3 × 2 | = 6 |

4 times 2 | is _____ | or 4 × 2 | = _____ |

5 times 2 | is _____ | or 5 × 2 | = _____ |

6 times 2 | is _____ | or 6 × 2 | = _____ |

_____ times 2 | is _____ | or _____ × 2 | = _____ |

_____ times _____ | is _____ | or 8 × 2 | = _____ |

_____ times _____ | is _____ | or 9 × 2 | = _____ |

_____ times _____ | is _____ | or 10 × 2 | = _____ |

**Solution:**

1 time 2 | is 2 | or 1 × 2 | = 2 |

2 times 2 | is 4 | or 2 × 2 | = 4 |

3 times 2 | is 6 | or 3 × 2 | = 6 |

4 times 2 | is 8 |
or 4 × 2 | = 8 |

5 times 2 | is 10 |
or 5 × 2 | = 10 |

6 times 2 | is 12 |
or 6 × 2 | = 12 |

7 times 2 |
is 14 |
or 7 × 2 |
= 14 |

8 times 2 |
is 16 |
or 8 × 2 | = 16 |

9 times 2 |
is 18 |
or 9 × 2 | = 18 |

10 times 2 |
is 20 |
or 10 × 2 | = 20 |

**Jump with Me**

Tarru Frog jumps 3 steps each time. Which numbers will Tarru touch?

**Solution:**

Let's try making a 2 times table with sticks:

1 × 2 = 2

2 × 2 = 4

3 × 2 = 6

4 × 2 =

5 × 2 =

6 × 2 =

7 × 2 =

8 × 2 =

9 × 2 =

10 × 2 =

**Solution:**

4 × 2 = __8__

5 × 2 = __10__

6 × 2 = __12__

7 × 2 = __14__

8 × 2 = __16__

9 × 2 = __18__

10 × 2 = __20__

**Shopping with Tables**

How much do these things cost?

4 toffees cost ________ rupees.

3 pencil boxes cost ________ rupees.

10 pencil boxes cost ________ rupees.

9 balloons cost ________ rupees.

5 toys cost ________ rupees.

7 face masks cost ________ rupees.

**Solution:**

Number of toffees = 4

Each toffee costs Rs 2.

Total cost = 4 $\times $ 2

= 8

4 toffees cost __8__ rupees.

Number of pencil boxes = 3

Each pencil box costs Rs 10.

Total cost = 3 $\times $ 10

= 30

3 pencil boxes cost __30__ rupees.

Total cost of 10 pencil boxes = 10 $\times $ 10

= 100

10 pencil boxes cost __100__ rupees.

Number of balloons = 9

Each balloon costs Rs 5.

Total cost = 9 $\times $ 5

= 45

9 balloons cost __45__ rupees.

Number of toys = 5

Each toy costs Rs 4.

Total cost = 5 $\times $ 4

= 20

5 toys cost __20__ rupees.

Number of face masks = 7

Each face mask costs Rs 3.

Total cost = 7 $\times $ 3

= 21

7 face masks cost __21__ rupees.

**Practice Time**

**Complete the following:**

2 × 7 = __________

4 × 9 = __________

5 × 8 = __________

10 × 6 = __________

5 × 9 = __________

3 × 9 = __________

5 × 2 = __________

3 × 10 = __________

2 × 8 = ___________

10 × 8 = ___________

**Solution:**

2 × 7 = __14__

4 × 9 = __36__

5 × 8 = __40__

10 × 6 = __60__

5 × 9 = __45__

3 × 9 = __27__

5 × 2 = __10__

3 × 10 = __30__

2 × 8 = __16__

10 × 8 = __80__

Look at the patterns and complete them.

3, 6, 9, _________, _________, _________.

2, 4, 6, _________, _________, _________.

10, 20, 30, _________, _________, _________.

4, 8, 12, _________, _________, _________.

5, 10, 15, _________, _________, _________.

30, 60, 90, _________, _________, _________.

**Solution:**

3, 6, 9, __12__, __15__, __18__.

2, 4, 6, __8__, __10__, __12__.

10, 20, 30, __40__, __50__, __60__.

4, 8, 12, __16__, __20__, __24__.

5, 10, 15, __20__, __25__, __30__.

30, 60, 90, __120__, __150__, __180__.

**How many in all?**

• A shirt has 5 buttons. How many buttons would 3 shirts have?

• There are four fans. Each fan has 3 blades. What is the total number of blades in all?

• A box contains 6 apples. How many apples in all will seven boxes have?

• How many corners would 4 triangles have?

**Solution:**

There are 3 shirts.

Each shirt has 5 buttons.

Total number of buttons = 3 $\times $ 5

= 15

3 shirts will have 15 buttons.

There are 4 fans.

Each fan has 3 blades.

Total number of blades = 4 $\times $ 3

= 12

There are 12 blades in all.

There are 7 boxes.

Each box has 6 apples.

Total number of apples = 7 $\times $ 6

= 42

Seven boxes will have 42 apples.

There are 4 triangles.

Each triangle has 3 corners.

Total number of corners = 4 $\times $ 3

= 12

There would be 12 corners in 4 triangles.

**Some multiplication fats:**

• 8 × 3 = _____

• 3 × ____ = _____

• ____ × ____ = __ 42 __

• 5 × ____ = __ 40 __

• ____ × ____ = __ 54 __

• 5 × ____ = 357

• ____ × 6 = 36

• 10 × ____ = _____

• ____ × 9 = 36

• ____ × 7 = 28__ __

**Solution:**

• 8 × 3 = __24__

• 3 × __7__ = __21__

• __7__ × __6__ = __42__

• 5 × __8__ = __40 __

• __6__ × __9__ = __54__

• 5 × __7__ = 35

• __6__ × 6 = 36

• 10 × __8__ = __80__

• __4__ × 9 = 36

• __4__ × 7 = 28__ __

**Multiplication Table of 1**

one time one is | 1 × 1 = | 1 |

two times one is | 2 × 1 = | 2 |

three times one is | 3 × __ | = ____ |

four times one is | __ × __ | = ____ |

_____ times one is | __ × __ | = ____ |

_____ times one is | __ × __ | = ____ |

_____ times one is | __ × __ | = ____ |

_____ times one is | __ × __ | = ____ |

**Solution:**

one time one is | 1 × 1 = | 1 |

two times one is | 2 × 1 = | 2 |

three times one is | 3 × 1 |
= 3 |

four times one is | 4 × 1 |
= 4 |

five times one is |
5 × 1 |
= 5 |

six times one is |
6 × 1 |
= 6 |

seven times one is |
7 × 1 |
= 7 |

eight times one is |
8 × 1 |
= 8 |

**Multiply:**

• 22 × 3 = | • 43 × 2 = |

• 21 × 4 = | • 24 × 2 = |

• 11 × 5 = | • 30 × 5 = |

• 20 × 4 = | • 23 × 9 = |

• 26 × 4 = | • 38 × 2 = |

• 25 × 3 = | • 24 × 5 = |

• 35 × 3 = | • 48 × 4 = |

• 32 × 5 = | • 58 × 2 = |

**Solution:**

• 22 × 3 = 66 | • 43 × 2 = 86 |

• 21 × 4 = 84 | • 24 × 2 = 48 |

• 11 × 5 = 55 | • 30 × 5 =150 |

• 20 × 4 = 80 | • 23 × 9 = 207 |

• 26 × 4 = 104 | • 38 × 2 = 76 |

• 25 × 3 = 75 | • 24 × 5 = 120 |

• 35 × 3 = 105 | • 48 × 4 = 192 |

• 32 × 5 = 160 | • 58 × 2 = 116 |

**First guess the answer and then calculate:**

• A flower has five petals. A bunch of flowers has 13 flowers. How many petals are there in the bunch?

• A book has 64 pages. What will be the total number of pages in 8 such books?

• Students stand in rows in the assembly. There are six rows of students. Each row has 17 students. How many students are there?

• A design has 3 flowers in it. A piece of cloth has 17 such designs. How many flowers will be on the cloth?

**Solution:**

• Number of flowers in one bunch = 13

Each flower has 5 petals.

Total petals in the bunch = 13 $\times $ 5

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 13 $\times $ 5 = 65

Thus, there are 65 petals in a bunch.

• Number of books = 8

Each book has 64 pages.

Total pages in 8 books = 8 $\times $ 64

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 8 $\times $ 64 = 512

There are 512 pages in all the 8 books.

• Number of rows in assembly = 6

Each row has 17 students.

Total students in 6 rows = 6 $\times $ 17

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 6 $\times $ 17 = 102

There are 102 students in all the 6 rows.

• Number of designs on a piece of cloth = 17

Each design has 3 flowers in it.

Total number of flowers on the cloth = 17 $\times $ 3

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 17 $\times $ 3 = 51

There are 51 flowers on the cloth.

**Practice Time**

First guess the answer and then check it by calculating:

42 × 23 = _________

51 × 13 = _________

25 × 36 = _________

73 × 11 = _________

54 × 12 = _________

12 × 14 = _________

**Solution:**

a)

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 42 × 23 = 966

b)

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 51 × 13 = 663

c)

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 25 × 36 = 900

d)

Adding the numbers in the boxes:

So, 73 × 11 = 803

e)

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 54 × 12 = 648

f)

Adding the number in the boxes:

So, 12 × 14 = 168

**Multiplication Patterns**

9 × 1 = 9 | |

9 × 2 = 18 | 1 + 8 = 9 |

9 × 3 = 27 | 2 + 7 = 9 |

9 × 4 = 36 | 3 + 6 = 9 |

9 × 5 = 45 | 4 + 5 = 9 |

9 × __ = __ | __ + __ = __ |

9 × __ = __ | __ + __ = __ |

9 × 8 = __ | __ + __ = __ |

**Solution:**

The multiplication pattern is explained in the table given below.

Ones digit of all the numbers are in descending order i.e. 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.

And, the tens digit are the numbers in ascending order i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.

Ones digit number and tens digit number adds to 9.

9 × 1 = 9 | |

9 × 2 = 18 | 1 + 8 = 9 |

9 × 3 = 27 | 2 + 7 = 9 |

9 × 4 = 36 | 3 + 6 = 9 |

9 × 5 = 45 | 4 + 5 = 9 |

9 × 6 = 54 |
5 + 4 = 9 |

9 × 7 = 63 |
6 + 3 = 9 |

9 × 8 = 72 |
7 + 2 = 9 |

9 × 9 = 81 |
8 + 1 = 9 |

• Mark the numbers 1-10 in the same grid in one colour.

• Mark the numbers 12-20 in another colour.

• Similarly mark 21-30 in a third colour.

Do you see any colour pattern?

**Solution:**

No, we cannot see any colour pattern.

Fill this space with your favourite multiplication table.

**Solution:**

**Disclaimer:** The answer may vary from student to student. Students are required to answer the question on their own.