MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science The Age of Industrialisation with Answers

Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 5 The Age of Industrialisation Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science The Age of Industrialisation MCQs with Answers to know their preparation level.

Class 10 Social Science MCQs History Chapter 5 The Age of Industrialisation

Question 1. In the 17th century, merchants from towns in Europe moved to the countryside to:
(a) supply money to peasants and artisans to persuade them to produce for international markets.
(b) persuade them to settle in towns.
(c) provide them with small workshops.
(d) stop them from working for other companies.

Answer

Answer: a


Question 2. Name the first industrial country in the world:
(a) France
(b) Japan
(c) Britain
(d) Germany

Answer

Answer: b


Question 3. Why couldn’t the merchants expand production within towns?
(a) The powerful guilds did not allow them to do so.
(b) New merchants were not competent enough to carry on production work and trade.
(c) New merchants had inadequate capital.
(d) Competent weavers and artisans were not available in towns.

Answer

Answer: a


Question 4. Where was the first cotton mill established? ;
(a) Bombay
(b) Ahmedabad
(c) Kanpur
(d) Madras

Answer

Answer: a


Question 5. Who devised the Spinning Jenny?
(a) James Hargreaves
(b) James Watt
(c) Richard Arkwright
(d) Samuel Luke

Answer

Answer: a


Question 6. How did urban merchants acquire trade monopoly?
(a) The old merchants had won over the weavers and artisans.
(b) The powerful members of the guilds had bribed the rulers.
(c) The rulers granted different guilds the ‘monopoly right’ and trade of specific products.
(d) The guilds were so powerful that they did not allow new merchants to enter into the field of trade.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 7. Indian industrial growth increased after First World War because:
(a) British opened new factories in India.
(b) New technological changes occurred.
(c) Indian mills now had a vast home market to supply to.
(d) India became independent.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 8. Which of the following helped the production of handloom cloth?
(a) Imposition of export duties
(b) Technological changes
(c) Government regulations
(d) Import duties

Answer

Answer: b


Question 9. Why was it difficult to get a job in a factory in 19th century Britain?
(a) Employers were looking for only skilled workers and they rejected inexperienced applicants.
(b) The number of jobs were less than the number of job seekers.
(c) Employers did not prefer migrants.
(d) Employers wanted educated workers.

Answer

Answer: b


Question 10. What made workers become hostile to the ‘Spinning Jenny’?
(a) Common people had not yet accepted machine-made products.
(b) To some people machines appeared as ‘monsters’.
(c) It had reduced the demand for labour.
(d) Hand-made goods were still popular.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 11. Which of the following is not a reason why industrialists in 19th century Europe preferred hand labour over machines?
(a) There was abundance of labour, so wages were low.
(b) Hand labour produced uniform and standardised goods for a mass market.
(c) Machines required huge capital investment.
(d) Industries, where demand was seasonal, industrialists preferred hand labour.

Answer

Answer: b


Question 12. After 1940s, building activity opened up greater opportunities of employment. What kind of work was introduced?
(a) Construction of big business houses.
(b) Construction of mills and factories.
(c) Construction of railway lines, railway stations and digging up of tunnels.
(d) Construction of cinema halls for entertainment.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 13. Coarser cotton was produced in many countries but finer varieties came from:
(a) Persia
(6) India
(c) China
(d) Surinam

Answer

Answer: b


Question 14. With the growth of colonial power, trade through the new ports of Bombay and Calcutta came to be controlled by:
(a) Indian merchants
(b) European companies
(c) The East India Company
(d) British Parliament.

Answer

Answer: b


Question 15. Identify the incorrect option. Early entrepreneur of India:
(a) Dwarkanath Tagore of Bengal
(b) Seth Hukumchand of Calcutta
(c) Bhai Bhosle of Bombay
(d) Dinshaw Petit and Jamsetjee . Nusserwanjee—Parsis of Bombay.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 16. How did the mill owners organize the recruitment of workers? Choose the correct answer from the list given below:
(a) They were recruited through tests/ examinations.
(b) Selection boards used to be set up.
(c) Owners employed through jobbers (very often the jobber was an old trustworthy worker).
(d) Family members of the owners were recruited.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 17. Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?
(a) Raw cotton exports increased.
(b) The cotton crop perished.
(c) Local markets shrank.
(d) Export market collapsed.

Answer

Answer: a


Question 18. Name the most dynamic industry in Britain.
(a) Food processing
(b) Leather goods production
(c) Cotton and metal industries
(d) Electronic goods production

Answer

Answer: c


Question 19. How did the East India Company prevent the Indian weavers from dealing with other companies?
(a) Paid higher prices for their products.
(b) Bought them off as slaves.
(c) Offered them loans for their production.
(d) Imposed extra tarrif to discourage them to deal with other foreigners.

Answer

Answer: c


Question 20. Which war materials were produced in India to supply to Britain during World War I?
(a) Gunpowder, cannons and other ammunition.
(b) Jute bags, cloth for army uniforms, tents and leather boots.
(c) Medicines for the wounded soldiers.
(d) Hammers, axes and other building material.

Answer

Answer: b


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