MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries with Answers

We have compiled the NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Manufacturing Industries with Answers Pdf free download covering the entire syllabus. Practice MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography with Answers on a daily basis and score well in exams. Refer to the Manufacturing Industries Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.

Manufacturing Industries Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers

Question 1.
Which of the following led to expansionof the fertiliser industry?
(a) Liberalisation and foreign direct investment
(b) MNCs (multinational corporations)
(c) The Green Revolution
(d) All the above

Answer

Answer: (c) The Green Revolution


Question 2.
Which of the following industries hasbeen a major foreign exchange earner in the last few years?
(a) Electronics Industry
(b) Information Technology Industry
(c) Engineering Industry
(d) Tourism Industry

Answer

Answer: (b) Information Technology Industry


Question 3.
Which of the following cities is the electronic capital of India?
(a) Delhi
(b) Mumbai
(c) Bengaluru
(d) Hyderabad

Answer

Answer: (c) Bengaluru


Question 4.
What is the correct meaning of agglomeration economies?
(a) Many industries set up in rural centres
(b) Industries are basically agro-based.
(c) Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres
(d) Industries set up produce raw material for secondary sector.

Answer

Answer: (c) Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres


Question 5.
The economic strength of the country is measured by which of the following developments?
(a) The development of the manufacturing industries.
(b) The development of the literacy ratio.
(c) The development of the health status.
(d) The development of the population growth.

Answer

Answer: (a) The development of the manufacturing industries.


Question 6.
The first successful textile mill was established in:
(a) Delhi
(b) Vishakhapattnam
(c) Chennai
(d) Mumbai (Bombay)

Answer

Answer: (d) Mumbai (Bombay)


Question 7.
Which one of the following is not true regarding the Iron and Steel industry in India?
(a) India is the largest producer of sponge iron.
(b) Most of the public sector undertakings market their steel through the Steel Authority of India.
(c) Chhotanagpur Plateau region has the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries.
(d) As a leading iron and steel producing country, India does not need to import steel from other countries.

Answer

Answer: (d) As a leading iron and steel producing country, India does not need to import steel from other countries.


Question 8.
Which one of the following air services provides services to Oil and Natural Gas Commission in its off-shore operations?
(a) Indian Airlines
(b) Air India
(c) Pawanhans Helicopters LTD
(d) Alliance

Answer

Answer: (c) Pawanhans Helicopters LTD


Question 9.
Which one of the following factors has once again opened the opportunity for jute product?
(a) Increasing concern for the use of biodegradable materials
(b) Increasing productivity
(c) Enhancing the yield per hectare
(d) Improving quality

Answer

Answer: (a) Increasing concern for the use of biodegradable materials


Question 10.
Manufacturing Industries are placed in:
(a) Primary sector
(b) Secondary sector
(c) Tertiary sector
(d) Service sector

Answer

Answer: (b) Secondary sector


Question 11.
Which one of the following steel plants is located in Chhattisgarh?
(a) Bokaro
(b) Durgapur
(c) Bhilai
(d) Rourkela

Answer

Answer: (c) Bhilai


Question 12.
The first successful textile mill was established in:
(a) Delhi
(b) Vishakhapattnam
(c) Chennai
(d) Mumbai (Bombay)

Answer

Answer: (d) Mumbai (Bombay)


Question 13.
Which one of the following agencies, market steel for the public sector plants ?
(a) HAIL
(b) SAIL
(c) TATA STEEL
(d) MNCC

Answer

Answer: (b) SAIL


Question 14.
Which one of the following cities is known as electronic capital of India ?
(a) Srinagar
(b) Noida
(c) Bengaluru
(d) Pune

Answer

Answer: (c) Bengaluru


Question 15.
Most of the sugar industries are ideally suited to:
(a) Private sector
(b) Joint sector
(c) Cooperative sector
(d) Public sector

Answer

Answer: (c) Cooperative sector


Question 16.
Which one of the following countrieshas the largest installed capacity of spindles in the world?
(a) India
(b) China
(c) USA
(d) Britain

Answer

Answer: (b) China


Question 17.
Small scale and large scale industries are classified on which basis?
(a) Capital investment
(b) Ownership
(c) Main role
(d) Source of raw materials

Answer

Answer: (a) Capital investment


Question 18.
Which of the following group of factors is a prime group for the location of aluminium smelting plant?
(a) Capital and Market
(b) Raw material and Electricity
(c) Labour and Raw material
(d) Capital and Transport

Answer

Answer: (b) Raw material and Electricity


Question 19.
Which one of the following factors is considered as the most prominent one in industrial location in a region?
(a) Availability of raw materials
(b) Market
(c) Cheap Labour
(d) None of these

Answer

Answer: (a) Availability of raw materials


Question 20.
Which one of the following groups of states have the largest number of cotton textile centres?
(a) Gujarat and Maharashtra
(b) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(c) Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat

Answer

Answer: (a) Gujarat and Maharashtra


Question 21.
Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies. Which of the following are the main advantages provided by cities to industries?
(a) Market and services
(b) Agricultural products and minerals
(c) Power supply
(d) Suitable climate and services

Answer

Answer: (a) Market and services


Question 22.
The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of which of the following?
(a) Agriculture
(b) Infrastructural facilities
(c) Manufacturing industries
(d) Export trade

Answer

Answer: (c) Manufacturing industries


Question 23.
Which of the following is not a factor of production?
(a) Land
(b) Raw materials
(c) Capital
(d) Enterprise

Answer

Answer: (b) Raw materials


Question 24.
Which of the following developments usually follows industrial activity?
(a) Agriculture
(b) Urbanisation
(c) Electrification
(d) Mining

Answer

Answer: (b) Urbanisation


Question 25.
How can industrialisation assist in bringing in foreign exchange?
(a) Modernisation of agriculture
(b) Removing dependence on agriculture by providing alternative employment
(c) Export of manufactured goods
(d) Import of manufactured goods

Answer

Answer: (c) Export of manufactured goods


Question 26.
In which of the following groups of cities were most of the manufacturing units located in the pre-independence period?
(a) Delhi, Kanpur, Moradabad
(b) Bangalore – Hyderabad
(c) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai
(d) Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar.

Answer

Answer: (c) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai


Question 27.
Oil India Limited (OIL) belongs to which of the following types of industries?
(a) Public sector
(b) Private sector
(c) Joint sector
(d) Cooperative sector

Answer

Answer: (c) Joint sector


Question 28.
Which of the following is the effect of liberalisation and foreign direct investment on iron and steel industry of India?
(a) Lower productivity of labour
(b) High costs and limited availability of coking coal
(c) Irregular supply of energy
(d) Boost to the industry

Answer

Answer: (d) Boost to the industry


Question 29.
Which of the following industries is in private sector?
(a) Dabur
(b) BHEL
(c) SAIL
(d) HINDALCO

Answer

Answer: (a) Dabur


Question 30.
On the basis of character of raw material and finished product, iron and steel industry belongs to which category?
(a) Heavy industry
(b) Medium industry
(c) Light industry
(d) Perishable goods industry

Answer

Answer: (a) Heavy industry


Question 31.
Which of the following inorganic chemicals is used for the making of glass, soaps, detergents and paper?
(a) Soda ash
(b) Sulphuric acid
(c) Nitric acid
(d) Alkalies

Answer

Answer: (a) Soda ash


Question 32.
When and where was the first successful textile mill established in India?
(a) In Ahmedabad in 1858
(b) In Chennai in 1954
(c) In Kolkata in 1816
(d) In Mumbai in 1854

Answer

Answer: (d) In Mumbai in 1854


Question 33.
Which of the following industriesbelongs to the category of heavyindustries?
(a) Watches
(b) Shipbuilding
(c) Electric bulbs
(d) Knitting needles

Answer

Answer: (b) Shipbuilding


Question 34.
Sixty percent of sugar mills are concentrated in which of the followingstates?
(a) Punjab and Haryana
(b) Maharashtra and Gujarat
(c) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
(d) West Bengal and Orissa

Answer

Answer: (c) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar


Question 35.
Which of the following public sector steel plants of India is located near port?
(a) Durgapur
(b) Vijaynagar
(c) Bhadravati
(d) Vishakhapatnam

Answer

Answer: (d) Vishakhapatnam


Question 36.
Which of the following industries is thelargest consumer of chemicals?
(a) Fertilisers
(b) Textiles
(c) Chemicals
(d) Paper

Answer

Answer: (c) Chemicals


Question 37.
Which of the following is not an inorganic chemical?
(a) Sulphuric acid
(b) Petrochemicals
(c) Nitric acid
(d) Alkalies

Answer

Answer: (b) Petrochemicals


Question 38.
Which of the following is a negative effect of industrialisation?
(a) Economic growth
(b) Pollution
(c) Foreign exchange earnings
(d) Rapid urbanisation

Answer

Answer: (b) Pollution


Question 39.
When and where was the first cement plant set up in India?
(a) Chennai in 1904
(b) Porbandar in 1924
(c) Dalmianagar in 1937
(d) Kottayam in 1967

Answer

Answer: (a) Chennai in 1904


Question 40.
Which of the following is an electronicsindustry?
(a) HMT, Bengaluru
(b) TISCO, Jamshedpur
(c) BHEL, Hyderabad
(d) BALCO, Korba

Answer

Answer: (c) BHEL, Hyderabad


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