MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science Electricity with Answers

Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 12 Electricity Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Science Electricity Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level.

Class 10 Science MCQs Chapter 12 Electricity

Question 1. Electric potential is a:
(a) scalar quantity
(b) vector quantity
(c) neither scalar nor vector
(d) sometimes scalar and sometimes vector

Answer

Answer: a


Question 2. 1 mV is equal to:
(a) 10 volt
(b) 1000 volt
(c) 10-3 volt
(d) 10-6 volt

Answer

Answer: c


Question 3. Coulomb is the SI unit of:
(a) charge
(b) current
(c) potential difference
(d) resistance

Answer

Answer: a


Question 4. When electric current is passed, electrons move from:
(a) high potential to low potential.
(b) low potential to high potential.
(c) in the direction of the current.
(d) against the direction of the current.

Answer

Answer: b


Question 5. The heating element of an electric iron is made up of:
(a) copper
(b) nichrome
(c) aluminium
(d) iron

Answer

Answer: b


Question 6. The electrical resistance of insulators is
(a) high
(b) low
(c) zero
(d) infinitely high

Answer

Answer: d


Question 7. Electrical resistivity of any given metallic wire depends upon
(a) its thickness
(b) its shape
(c) nature of the material
(d) its length

Answer

Answer: c


Question 8. Which of the following is not correctly matched?
MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science Electricity World with Answers 1

Answer

Answer: c


Question 9. Electric power is inversely proportional to
(a) resistance
(b) voltage
(c) current
(d) temperature

Answer

Answer: a


Question 10. What is the commercial unit of electrical energy?
(a) Joules
(b) Kilojoules
(c) Kilowatt-hour
(d) Watt-hour

Answer

Answer: c


Question 11. Three resistors of 1 Ω, 2 ft and 3 Ω are connected in parallel. The combined resistance of the three resistors should be
(a) greater than 3 Ω
(b) less than 1 Ω
(c) equal to 2 Ω
(d) between 1 Ω and 3 Ω

Answer/ Explanation

Answer: b
Explaination:
MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science Electricity World with Answers 2


Question 12. An electric bulb is connected to a 220V generator. The current is 0.50 A. What is the power of the bulb?
(a) 440 W
(b) 110 W
(c) 55 W
(d) 0.0023 W

Answer/ Explanation

Answer: b
Explaination:
Here, V = 220 V, I = 0.50 A
∴ Power (P) = VI = 220 x 0.50 = 110 W


Question 13. The resistivity of insulators is of the order of
(a) 10-8-m
(b) 101-m
(c) 10-6-m
(d) 106-m

Answer

Answer: a


Question 14. 1 kWh = ……….. J
(a) 3.6 × 10-6 J
(b) \(\frac{1}{3.6}\) × 106 J
(c) 3.6 × 106 J
(d) \(\frac{1}{3.6}\) × 10-6 J

Answer

Answer: c


Question 15. Which of the following gases are filled in electric bulbs?
(a) Helium and Neon
(b) Neon and Argon
(c) Argon and Hydrogen
(d) Argon and Nitrogen

Answer

Answer: d


Question 16. 100 J of heat is produced each second in a 4Ω resistor. The potential difference across the resistor will be:
(a) 30 V
(b) 10 V
(c) 20 V
(d) 25 V

Answer

Answer: b


Fill in the Blanks

1. The SI unit of current is ……… .
2. According to ……… Law, the potential difference across the ends of a resistor is directly proportional to the ……… through it, provided its remains constant.
3. The resistance of a conductor depends directly on its ……… , inversely on its ……… and also on the ……… of the conductor.
4. The SI unit of resistivity is ……… .
5. If the potential difference across the ends of a conductor is doubled, the current flowing through it, gets ……… .

Answers

1. ampere
2. Ohm’s, current, temperature
3. length, area of cross-section, material
4. ohm-metre (Ω m)
5. doubled

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