# MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 Development with Answers

We have compiled the NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 Development with Answers Pdf free download covering the entire syllabus. Practice MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics with Answers on a daily basis and score well in exams. Refer to the Development Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.

## Development Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers

Question 1.
India’s HDI rank in the world is:
(a) 125
(b) 115
(c) 126
(d) 134

Question 2.
Life expectancy at birth means:
(a) average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth
(b) average expected length of life of a person at the time of death
(c) average expected length of a child at the time of birth
(d) None of the above

Answer: (a) average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth

Question 3.
Which one of the following is the most important attribute while comparing the level of development of various countries?
(a) Population
(b) Social status of the people
(c) Political status
(d) Per capita income

Answer: (b) Social status of the people

Question 4.
Which one among the following is a developmental goal for the landless rural labourers?
(a) To get electricity and water
(b) To educate their children
(c) More days of work and better wages
(d) To shift to the cities

Answer: (c) More days of work and better wages

Question 5.
Underemployment occurs when people:
(a) do not want to work
(b) are working in a lazy manner
(c) are working less than what they are capable of doing
(d) are not paid for their work

Answer: (c) are working less than what they are capable of doing

Question 6.
Which of the following is most likely to be a development goal for landless rural labourers?
(a) Higher support prices for their crops
(b) They should be able to settle their children abroad
(c) Raised wages
(d) None of these

Question 7.
In terms of human development, which of the following countries is ahead of India?
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) Bhutan

Question 8.
According to the World Development Report a country is considered rich when the per capita income is more than which of the following figures?
(a) Rs 24,000 per annum
(b) Rs 37,000 per annum
(c) Rs 4,53,000 per annum
(d) Rs 5,43,000 per annum

Answer: (c) Rs 4,53,000 per annum

Question 9.
In which state in India is the infant mortality rate lowest?
(a) Kerala
(b) Bihar
(d) Punjab

Question 10.
We can obtain per capita income of a country by calculating:
(a) the total income of a person
(b) by dividing the national income by the total population of a country
(c) the total value of all goods and services
(d) the total exports of the country.

Answer: (b) by dividing the national income by the total population of a country

Question 11.
Groundwater overuse in India is how much
(a) one-third of country
(b) one-fourth of country
(c) one-fifth of country
(d) two-fifth of country

Question 12.
One common development goal among the people is:
(a) family
(b) freedom
(c) income
(d) security

Question 13.
Proportion of literate population in the 7 years and above age group is termed as
(a) Education index
(b) Mortality ratio
(c) Literacy rate
(d) Gross enrolment ratio

Question 14.
Per capita income is:
(a) income per person
(b) income per family
(c) income per earning person
(d) income per month

Question 15.
The countries with per capita income of US $955 (2017) or less are termed as (a) Low income countries (b) Developing countries (c) Developed countries (d) Rich countries Answer Answer: (a) Low income countries Question 16. Development goals of different sections of our society can be achieved by: (a) Force (b) Democratic political process (c) Violent agitation (d) Terrorism Answer Answer: (b) Democratic political process Question 17. Which one of the following statements defines ‘Literacy Rate’? (a) Total literate population divided by total population (b) Total literate population divided by literate population (c) Proportion of illiterate population in the 18 and above age group. (d) It measures the proportion of literate proportion in the 7 years and above age group. Answer Answer: (c) Proportion of illiterate population in the 18 and above age group. Question 18. Which one of the following is not a feature of developing country? (a) Agriculture as the major occupation (b) High technological development (c) Mass poverty (d) Mass illiteracy Answer Answer: (b) High technological development Question 19. The developmental goal for a girl from a rich family is: (a) to get more days of work (b) to get as much freedom as her brother gets (c) to get electricity (d) to get better wages Answer Answer: (b) to get as much freedom as her brother gets Question 20. Which one of the following is a developmental goal for industrialists? (a) To get more days of work (b) To get better wages (c) To get more electricity (d) All the above Answer Answer: (c) To get more electricity Question 21. Which one of the following criteria is the basis to measure the development of a country according to UNDP? (a) Per capita income (b) Educational levels of the people (c) Health status of the people (d) All the above Answer Answer: (d) All the above Question 22. Which one of the following states has the highest Human Development Index (HDI)? (a) Kerala (b) Punjab (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) West Bengal Answer Answer: (a) Kerala Question 23. Which is the most important attribute for comparing the development of countries ? (a) Resources (b) Population (c) Average income (d) None of these Answer Answer: (d) None of these Question 24. Which of the following countries has higher HDI rank than India? (a) Sri Lanka (b) Nepal (c) Bangladesh (d) Pakistan Answer Answer: (a) Sri Lanka Question 25. Kerala has low Infant Mortaliy Rate because: (a) it has good climatic condition (b) it has adequate infrastructure (c) it has adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities (d) it has poor net attendence ratio Answer Answer: (c) it has adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities Question 26. Human Development Index compares countries based on which of the following levels of the people? (a) Educational level (b) Health status (c) Per capita Income (d) All the above Answer Answer: (d) All the above Question 27. Cause of high infant mortality rate is : (a) inadequate facilities of health (b) lack of infrastructural facilities (c) lack of awareness (d) both (a) and (b) Answer Answer: (d) both (a) and (b) Question 28. Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms of human development rank than India ? (a) Bhutan (b) Sri Lanka (c) Nepal (d) None of the above Answer Answer: (b) Sri Lanka Question 29. Which is the most important attribute to compare countries? (a) Human Development Index (HDI) (b) Literacy rate (c) Export earnings (d) Income Answer Answer: (a) Human Development Index (HDI) Question 30. What the countries with per capita income of US$12,056 per annum and above (in 2017) are called?
(a) Rich countries
(b) Low-income countries
(c) Developing countries
(d) None of the above

Question 31.
Which of the following resources is a non-renewable energy resource?