Here we are providing Landscape of the Soul Extra Questions and Answers Class 11 English Hornbill, Extra Questions for Class 11 English was designed by subject expert teachers.
Landscape of the Soul Extra Questions and Answers Class 11 English Hornbill
Landscape of the Soul Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type
What is the difference between Chinese and European view of art?
What is the essential difference in the nature of Eastern and Western painting styles?
The Chinese and the European arts are in direct contrast to each other and represent two contrarian views of art. Western figurative paintings depict scenes exactly as they are, whereas Eastern painters depict inner space—spiritual and conceptual. The European painter wants the viewer to understand his art exactly as he sees it, whereas Chinese painter wants the viewer to use his prudence, enjoy the art and come out with his inference.
Briefly recount what happened to the painter Wu Daozi?
The painter Wu Daozi lived in the eighteenth century. He was showing his painting of a beautiful landscape to the Emperor who was all praises for it. Wu Daozi then clapped his hands before the cave in his painting and its entrance opened. The painter entered the cave and disappeared along with the cave and painting leaving the astonished Emperor speechless!
How was Quinten able to marry the painter’s daughter?
Quinten was a blacksmith who wanted to marry a painter’s daughter. The painter did not think he was a suitable match, as he was not an artist. Quinten painted a fly on one of the painter’s canvases. It looked so real that the painter tried to kill it. When he realised that Quinten had painted it, he allowed him to marry his daughter.
Give .two examples to show that figurative Western painting reproduces an actual view.
Flemish artist did not draw the dragon’s eye for fear it would come alive; so lifelike was the dragon. Quinten Metsys painted a fly on artists’ canvas — artist swatted it thinking it was a real fly.
What are Yang and Yin? What do they represent?
‘Yang’ represents the mountain or the vertical element which is stable, warm, dry and masculine. ‘Yin’ represents the water or the horizontal element that is fluid, moist, cool and feminine. The interaction of Yang and Yin is the fundamental notion of Daoism.
Explain the significance of the “middle void” with reference to the lesson ‘Landscape of the Soul’.
What is the Middle Void? Why it is important?
The ‘Middle Void’ is the empty space between ‘Yang’ and ‘Yin’. Their interaction takes place here. It is represented by white unpainted space in Chinese paintings.
Why is the white unpainted space important in Chinese art?
White space represents the Middle Void where the interaction of Yang and Yin takes place. Man has an important role here. He becomes the conduct of communication between both poles of the universe.
Who is Nek Chand? What is his achievement?
Nek Chand was an untrained artist, renowned for his masterpiece sculpted work with stone and recycled material—the Rock Garden of Chandigarh. He was an exponent of raw art which received worldwide recognition.
How was Nek Chand honoured?
Nek Chand was made the Director of his creation—‘The Rock Gardens’. He was honoured by the Swiss Commission of UNESCO by way of a European exposition of his works. There were interactive shows ‘Realm of Nek Chand’ held at leading museums in Switzerland, Belgium, France and Italy.
Landscape of the Soul Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type
Illustrate with examples the difference in the nature of Eastern and Western paintings?
The essential difference between Eastern and Western paintings is that the Eastern painting is not factual; it does not represent an actual view as a Western figurative painting does. It has a dimension of time. The viewer can ‘enter’ the painting and thereby the artist’s mind. The landscape is an inner one having spiritual and conceptual space. He gave the viewer various entry points to let him enjoy the journey from his perspective. Wu Daozi, the Chinese painter, was not satisfied with the emperor’s appreciation of his art. His art had a much deeper meaning which he wanted the viewer to comprehend by entering his mind. The European paintings were to be viewed from a specific angle and exactly the way the artist wanted you to see it.
What are the elements of ‘shanshui’? Explain in detail.
The Chinese painter brings out the concept of Shanshui in his work. Literally it means mountain and water. The mountain is symbolic of the male and the water is symbolic of’ the female element in creation. This is the fundamental notion of ‘Daoism’. In between there is the Middle Void where their interaction takes place and is also the space for man. Thus the Chinese painter’s landscape has a spiritual character.
The author has compared the concept of ‘Shanshui’ with the yogic practice of ‘Pranayama’ breathe in, hold, breath out—the time of the suspension of breath is the void when meditation occurs. This middle void is crucial-as nothing can happen without it.
In what way is the participation of the viewer both physical and mental when he looks at a Chinese painting?
The Chinese view of art is quite different from the European view. The Chinese artist does not paint a landscape from one point of view only. He writes to the viewer to participate in his landscape both physically and mentally. This mens that the viewer can enter the painting, not physically but mentally and spiritually.
The participation in the Chinese paintings is not from a single point but from various points. The artist does not want you to borrow his eyes but he wants you to enter wholly through his mind. He creates a path for the viewer to travel it up and down and then back again. This requires the active participation on the part of the viewer who has to decide himself at what pace, he would travel through the painting —this participation is both physical and mental.
Who was the untutored genius who created a paradise and what is his contribution to art?
‘Outsider art’ was mooted in 1940 by a French painter named Jean Dubuffet. It is the art created by those who have not received any formal training in art. India’s Nek Chand is an exponent of this genre and has won worldwide acclaim.
He made a garden sculpted with stone and recycled material— that would be anything and everything from tin, broken bangles, to a sink to a broken down car. Any discarded material could be a work of art for Nek Chand which he took to dizzying heights. His art has been highly acclaimed worldwide — how a single man’s vision can make a difference and produce a unique art. UNESCO honoured him and his work has been displayed in the leading museums of Switzerland, Belgium, France and Italy.