How many Branches in MSc Physics? | List of MSc Physics Courses, Top Universities & Indian Colleges Offers MSc Physics

branches in msc physics

List of Branches in MSc Physics: Students who are desired to gain indepth knowledge on a particular subject or specialization will go for the Master’s degree. A Master’s degree program is very important in terms of career opportunities and directions too. So, People who love to study physics and become pro in any branch of physics can easily opt for MSc Physics specialization. It has plenty of career options and also promotes the possibilities of your higher studies. If you are willing to consider an MSc Physics, then you need to aware of various branches included in Physics Master of Science. Thus, this article is beneficial for the candidates who are looking at the MSc Physics branches before changing your decision into the various branches of the course.

More to Know: 

Course Highlights on Master of Science in Physics

The key requirements that you need to understand about MSc Physics are tabulated below. Check it out and have a brief idea of the MSc Physics Course.

Course MSc Physics
Duration 2 years
Eligibility BSc in Physics or its equivalent
Branches in MSc Physics Classical Mechanics, Biophysics, Thermodynamics, Quantum Mechanics, Optics & Atomic & Molecular Physics, etc.
Jobs Physicist, Assistant Professor, Research Assistant, and Medical Physicist, etc.

Branches of Physics

Branches of Physics

List of Courses in MSc Physics

Before being aware of Msc Physics branches, let’s have a brief knowledge about the courses that are taught in the MSc Physics Curriculum. The list of MSc Physics Courses are furnished below for the sake of deeper insight on the branches of MSc Physics.

  • Classical Mechanics
  • Biophysics
  • Thermodynamics & Statistics Mechanics
  • Optics & Atomic & Molecular Physics
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Electromagnetism & Electronics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Classical Mechanics
  • Quantum computing
  • Astrophysics
  • Geophysics

Branches in MSc Physics

A Master of Science in Physics is a two-year course that is split into four semesters. All the branches of MSc Physics aim to enhance the student’s knowledge regarding the subjects and take them down in the world of physics. Students’ can get an opportunity to take part in intense research in their selected specialization and grab the chance to write down a Master’s thesis. The skill to resolve the toughest problems and equations is an additional benefit that one can discover in Master’s Physics. There are numerous options to select a specialization for MSc Physics. The branches in MSc Physics are all organized to concentrate on various elements of the wide subject of physics. To assist you in choosing the correct one here is the list of some of the branches of MSc Physics:

Particle Physics

The latest and coming soon branches in MSc Physics, This branch delves the miracles and complex issues of particle physics, astronomy, general physics, quantum fields, electromagnetic theory, statistical mechanics, relativity, and gravitation. If you are excited to learn the particle physics branch in MSc then you can opt for it as this branch have numerous career prospects like working as a research software developer, data analyst, etc.

Quantum Physics

Quantum physics is also one of the Branches of MSc Physics. Students who opt for this branch pursue the quantum world, where commonly knows for the laws of physics. Also, they can take part in deep research about the tiny particle this world is made of and disclose in-depth knowledge about it. You can see most of the theoretical research in this branch and mainly concentrates on bringing these theories into an experimental fact. Most of the career options turn around academics for the pursuing students, but considering the present science boom, job possibilities are becoming good.

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Physics is one more exciting option amongst the other branches in MSc Physics. The name itself implies, this branch works deep into the nuclear dimensions of our universe. Students who are willing to pursue this branch can learn completely about the world of the atom, nucleus, and the subsequent particles. By using the detailed knowledge, the students have a broad range of career prospects to select from like a teacher, lab supervisor, researcher, etc.

Bio and Medical Physics

Bio and Medical Physics is an excellent blend of quantitative biology and nano/complex physics. This branch offers candidates a chance of understanding different life forms and activities among all other branches in MSc Physics. Mainly students who study this branch can grasp the physical attributes of the building blocks of all living matter. Also, it emphasizes innovating and making up new equipment to help cure/manage newer diseases. However, they use mathematical-physical knowledge to figure out the mechanisms of living systems. Moreover, this branch of MSc Physics also provides many possibilities in academia, research, and the teaching field.

Geophysics

With global warming succession, indeed this Geophysics branch in MSc Physics utilizes the Scientific equipment, methodologies, and ideology to study the earth, its geographical activities, as well as the current phenomenon of climate alter. Learning all the way from deserts to oceans, ice caps to rich soiled lands, candidates have plentiful research to arise the solutions to one of the world’s biggest issues.

Best Universities for MSc Physics

From the above module, you have gained complete information about branches in physics. Now, let’s have a glimpse at the popular and top universities that offers a Master of Science degree in Physics where you can explore more and become expertise in physics.

University of Tokyo
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
Harvard University
California Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
University of Chicago
Stanford University
Princeton University
University of California- Berkeley

Top-Best Indian Physics Colleges

Here is the list of best colleges offered physics courses & branches in India:

  • University of Delhi
  • Christ University Bangalore
  • Stella Maris College
  • IIT Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Fergusson College
  • National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • Loyola College

FAQs on MSc Physics Branches

1. Which is the best branch in MSc physics?

There are multiple branches available for MSc Physics students like Classical Mechanics, Biophysics, Thermodynamics, Quantum Mechanics, Optics & Atomic & Molecular Physics, etc. The most popular & best branches for MSc Physics are Astrophysics and Nuclear Physics.

2. Name the branches of Physics?

Physics is a broad field of study and it includes diverse specializations. Here are a few important branches of physics are Classical Physics, Modern Physics, Thermodynamics, Magnetism, Mechanics, Electricity, etc.

3. Is there any scope of MSc Physics?

Yes, there is an immense scope of MSc Physics. Graduates of MSc Physics can be employed in the Aerospace and Defence sectors. Also, they have a high demand in the Automobile business. Railways, Renewable Energy, Telecommunications, and Electronics are also nearly associated with MSc Physics.

Innovative Physics Project for Class 12 | Simple Physics Project Ideas for Class 12th Students

Physics Project for Class 12

Physics is an interesting subject that studies laws of nature, elements of the universe such as light, energy, force, etc. It is an Important Branch of Science and works on the principle of observation and experimentation. Physics Concepts are taught in Senior Secondary Education and it is taught as a separate subject.

Physics Chapters include a broad range of concepts that enhances your level of understanding of the subject. Since Physics is a Practical Subject it demands more practical work and project work at the end of the course. If you are looking for help on Physics Project for Class 12 go through the entire article to be aware of the list of Physics Project Topics for the 12th Class.

Popular CBSE 12th Class Physics Projects

If you are exploring Class 12 Physics Projects for your School or Science Fair then you have come the right way. You will find many Ideas for Physics Topics here and you will become interested in learning and gaining knowledge on Physics. Check out some of the cool projects provided below so that your project will be unique and attractive in your science exhibition.

Electric Car

Making an electric car for your Class 12 Physics Project helps you stand out from the crowd. It is easy to make and fascinating to see it work. Electric Car works on a simple Phenomenon that is force is transmissioned from the motor through the wheel and is carried through two gears. The use of Rubber Bands makes it as a belt. You will get to know various concepts such as Aerodynamics, Electric circuits, Conversion of Energy while working on this project.

Materials Required: A Plastic Board for Car Chassis; 4 Tire Rings; 4 Wheels; Battery; Battery Holder;   Electric Motor; Rubber Bands; Motor Mount; Transmission Pulley; Paper Clips; Screws; Straw.

Electric Motor

Electric Motor is one of the common projects to make in your 12th Class Physics Projects. However, the concepts involved in making the Electric Motor is difficult but making an electric motor is relatively simple. All you need for making the Electric Motor is a Coild of Wire, Magnet, Power Source, etc. It can be a great choice if you are left with a limited amount of time.

Materials Needed: Insulated Wire; Small Circular Magnet; Battery; Modelling Clay; Electric Tape;  Knife; 2 Metal Sewing Needles.

Buoyancy 101

Aim: The following experiment is to check and determine whether a rise in water density can cause a boat haul to sink deeper in water to a noticeable degree as its temperature is raised from 5 degrees C to 95 Degree C.

Theory: This experiment shows that increasing water temperature allows water molecules to move further and decrease upthrust in turn causing more water to be displaced by a floating mass as its buoyancy is decreased. If water molecules spread outwards due to high temperature a rise in water temperature can bring out the remarkable difference in the surface area of water or even a small floating-point.

Materials Required: 128 grams of steel and a Digital Thermometer, 10 Identical Styrene Model Boats

How to Create a Visual Doppler?

Aim: The Experiment is to check what happens to a sound wave by creating a visual model and what happens when a vehicle passes by.

Theory: The principal for Doppler Effect is that for each successive wave crest produced from a position closer to the observer than the crest of the previous wave, the source of waves moves towards the observer. Visual Simulation of what happens to sound waves is created using this project to make them sound very different as the vehicle approaches than what exists.

Materials Needed: Ruler, Tape, Scissors, Toy Car, Some Plain Paper, Two Pieces of Colored Construction Paper, and a Marker or a Camera.

Insulation Value

Aim: This experiment is to equate straw insulation with traditional forms of insulation that are fiberglass, rigid foam panels, which are widely used today.

Theory: The Vital element needed in building an energy-effective contribution is adequate insulation. Insulation will hold the heat inside during cold days. Isolation will trap the heat caused by the sun outdoors on hot days. Insulation Materials are the ones that inhibit the transmission of heat from the house inside and outside. You can use the insulation to protect walls, floors, pipes, and various materials.

Materials Required: Insulation, Speakers, and Digital Thermometer.

Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp

Aim: This project is to determine How much the electrical power supply of an Incandescent Lamp is lost due to Thermionic Emission from the Filament. If these damages are huge, the operational performances of incandescent lamps could be increased by their elimination.

Theory: Power Output can be split into thermionic emission and thermal-radiation elements using the electricity,  ambient-temperature, filament-temperature, etc. Conduction sequentially depends on the temperature of the filament, however, the exposure is proportional to the fourth power of the temperature of the filament.

Materials Needed: 25-watt evacuated light bulb, two high-precision digital meters, programmable power supply, along with a precise digital thermometer.

Marvelous Magnetics

Aim: This Project is to decide how diamagnetism could influence levitation using aluminum foil, paper, plastic, graphite, or no substance.

Theory: In Relation to how many man-made objects use magnetism or even diamagnetism this study interacts with the earth. World’s Fastest Train in Japan runs on Magnetism.

Requirements: Levitation Pedestal, Adjustment Screw, Graphite, Paper, Aluminum Foil, and Plastic in place of the Graphite.

Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum

Aim: The aim behind this project is to research the effect of gas chemical properties on its ability to process and transmit infrared radiation by the gas transmission of infrared light. The first and foremost aim is to mask a plainly transmissive gas heating element.

Theory: Molecular Structure of a Gas can influence transmissivity in the infrared spectrum is confirmed on testing in both forms of the tests. Can of Air has high absorption zones allowing areas of low transmittance that led to some obstacles in the infrared spectrum.

Requirements: PVC Pipe, 8-12 micron infrared camera with digital imagery, Spectroradiometer, Blackbody, and Gases.

Also, See:

Long and Short Wavelength Colors

Aim: The Aim of the Project is to check the exterior and interior temperatures of houses, insulation rates when the houses are painted in solid colors and mixed colors.

Theory: Data Examined reveals that the order of internal temperature readings from top to lowest matched the wavelengths of colors from longest to shortest fairly and closely. Combination Color Houses fell between their stable counterparts in general. However, Exterior Temperature shows that colors like red, red/blue, grey, blue, orange, and control the green/orange house are the warmest. The highest Insulation Rate is followed by green, green/orange, red/blue, red, orange, and control was obtained from blue home.

Materials Required: Oil Paints, Control house was painted White, and Digital and Infrared Thermometers.

Hydro Power

Aim: This Project is held to learn regarding the first-hand force of water.

Theory: At the dam’s foot, hydropower plants are designed to have an advantage of higher water pressure at the dam’s edge. Excess water is funneled into a tube named penstock into the dam. Then, water is concentrated on the turbine’s blades. Water Pressure transforms the engine and the power generator turns the turbine.

Materials Needed: Half gallon paper milk carton, Awl or 10p nail, Gallon of Water, Ruler, Masking Tape, Magic Marker, Pair of Scissors and Pad of Paper and Pencil to make Notes.

Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation

Aim: Use Fiberglass, Pine Shavings, Polyurethane, Polystyrene, Perlite, Cellulose, Polyethylene foil, or Bubble Wrap to find out which recycling process would be an effective electricity insulator.

Theory: This project can be an asset in summer and spend time on heating the house in winter. When compared to other materials it takes a bit long time to cool the fiberglass and took an average time of 12 minutes to heat it. Since it warmed easily and trapped heat to save energy fiberglass is the most powerful insulator.

Materials Required: Particle Board, Light Bulb, Digital thermometer, and Cardboard boxes.

Salt Water Vs Tap Water

Aim: This Experiment is all about Water and Magnet. Since water is diamagnetic use the magnets to transfer water which means it appears to move further from magnets and electromagnets. A Cookie Tray with magnets equally spread along the inside circumference of it.

Theory: Someone who studies about water is called a hydrologist. Study of Dynamics of Electrically Conducting Fluids is referred to as Magnetohydrodynamics or MHD in Short. One among them is Saltwater. You can even levitate a frog if you had a strong magnet. Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic are compounds. To obtain the data you require see whether the water is flowing or not use rubber duckies or food coloring.

Materials Required: Rubber, Angel Food Pie Tin, Food Coloring, Magnets, Timer, and Tape.

List of Physics Project Topics for Class 12

Check out the 50 Physics Project Ideas for Class 12 Students prepared by experts after extensive research. You can avail them during your participation in schools or competitions. They are as such

S.No. Physics Project Topic
1. How to Create a Visual Doppler
2. Buoyancy 101
3. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
4. Insulation Value
5. Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum
6. Marvelous Magnetics
7. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
8. Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation
9. Hydro Power
10. Salt Water vs Tap water
11. Hooke’s Law
12. Proving Universal Gravitation by Warping Space-Time
13. Newton’s Third Law of Motion
14. The Comparison of Thermal Conductivity for Different Metals
15. Brass Instruments and Artificial Lips
16. An Analysis of Black Hole Thermodynamics
17. Emerging Electricity Generating Techniques
18. Measurement of True Noon Time
19. Measuring the Speed of Light
20. Blackbody Thermal Emission
21. Changing the Speed of Light
22. Chemiluminescence
23. Colour vs. Heat Absorption
24. AC Generator
25. Automatic Electric Train Barrier
26. Light Dependent Resistance
27. Rectifier
28. Photoelectric Effects
29. Effect of Tension on The Pitch of a String
30. Effect of Pressure in Ball Bounce Height
31. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
32. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
33. Effect of Pressure on Water Velocity
34. Foam Thickness and Sound Attenuation
35. How Accurate is Parallax
36. Impact of Different Color Filters on the Energy of a Laser Beam
37. Neuronal Nonlinear Dynamics
38. Effect of Sugar Density on the Refractive Index of Water
39. Nonlinear Oscillations in Mechanical Systems
40. How Do Gases Behave in the Infrared Spectrum
41. Verification of Archimedes Principle
42. Hiding in Plain Sight
43. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
44. Light Reflection and Refraction off Liquids
45. Insulation Value
46. Kinetic Energy
47. Murray’s Principle of Minimum Work
48. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
49. Living Color
50. Magnetic Force

Physics Investigatory Projects for Class 12

Below is the list of Investigatory Projects in Physics for Class 12. You can use these Investigatory Physics Project Suggestions available during your science exhibitions or during your school projects. They are as follows

  • To Study the Light Dependent Resistor
  • To Study the Moving Coil Galvanometer
  • To Study Temperature effect on resistivity of Insulators
  • Analytical Study of Drift Velocity in the Low Dimensional Devices
  • Lenz law of Electromagnetic Induction
  • Resonance condition of an LCR Series circuit
  • Eddy Current Effect in the Transformers Windings
  • Law of Polarization of Light
  • Phenomenon of Diffraction of Light
  • Changing the Speed of Light
  • Focalization of Sound Project
  • Principles of Superposition of Waves
  • Doppler Effect and its Applications
  • Nonlinear Oscillations in Mechanical Systems
  • Alternating Magnetic Fields
  • Circular Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole
  • Blackbody Thermal Emission
  • Raft Powered by Surface Tension

Final Words

We believe the knowledge shared regarding the 12th Class Physics Projects has shed some light on you. If you have any suggestions feel free to reach us via comment box so that we can get back to you at the soonest possibility. Stay in touch with our site to avail latest Physics Projects for Class 12 Students.

Best Topics for Economics Project for Class 12 | Sample Economic Project Ideas for Class 12 Students

Economics Project for Class 12

Economics is a branch of social science and has a great influence on society. It is one of the fast-changing fields and needs a deeper study of economic trends that influence the financial stability of a country. In senior secondary education, basics are covered whereas learning advanced concepts helps you to have strong fundamentals on the subject and prepares for higher-level education.

In addition to the theoretical aspects of the subject, one needs to learn practical concepts such as case studies, being aware of current economic trends in various countries, etc. Economics Project of Class 12 existing will assist you to understand What an Economic Project for Class 12 looks like. You can find answers to all your questions regarding the Class 12 Economics Project Topics. If you are looking for help on Economics Project for Class 12 continue reading the article till the end.

Best Topics for Economics Project for Class 12

Class 12 Economics Project plays a crucial role in students’ life. Certain Students might feel nervous about what to prepare for the project. Uncertainty of how to achieve Project work will always lead to imitating of the project from peers. It is a general issue and students feel the project a burden at the beginning of the project itself. If you are one of them don’t panic and utilize the Best Economic Project Ideas for Class 12 Students.

Economics is a vast subject and has numerous topics to choose from for a project. However, choosing a topic for your Economics Project can be a hectic task. Class 12th Economics Project is designed to dive deeper into the application part of the subject. Have a glance at the below-listed Topics to learn about various Economics Project Ideas for the 12th Class.

  • Tax Reforms
  • Price Determination
  • Cost Function and Cost Curve
  • Credit Creation
  • Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on Values of Currencies
  • Production Possibility Curve
  • Demonetization in India
  • Monopoly
  • Monopolistic Competition
  • Price Discrimination
  • The Central Bank and its Functions
  • Opportunity Cost
  • Banking Sector Reforms
  • Budget Deficit
  • Supply and its Determinants
  • Import Substitution vs Export Promotion
  • Demand and its Determinants
  • Production – Returns to a Factor
  • Balance of Payment
  • Digital India Movement in India

More Topics for Economics Project of Class 12 Students

In addition to the aforementioned Economics Project Topics for Class 12 here are few more topics to keep an eye. They are along the lines

  • Principles of Management
  • Exchange Rate System
  • Foreign Exchange Market
  • Development of Indian Economy
  • Government Budgets and its Components
  • Price Determination
  • Money Multiplier
  • Cashless Economy
  • Basic Principles of Taxation

Economics Project for Class 12 Descriptions

Refer to the Economics Project Ideas for Class 12 and each one of the topics is explained in detail. Use them as references and learn what to include in those particular topics. For your comfort, we have provided the key points to be mentioned in each and every Economics Project Topic.

Banking Sector Reforms

In the Banking Sector Reforms, you need to talk about the changes Banking Sector Underwent and the Impact it has created on the Economy as a Whole. Begin with how the economic policy of liberalization changed the financial scenario of India, detailed study of all the reforms. Before studying these reforms give an overview of what triggered these reforms. Key Points to be talked about are as follows

  • Reduction of Statutory Liquidity Rate (SLR)and Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)
  • Deregulation of interest rates
  • How the reforms changed the position of RBI from being a regulator to a facilitator
  • Allowing foreign banks to open branches in India with regard to the liberalization policy

Tax Reforms

When it comes to a Project of Tax Reforms you need to talk about the following points. Firstly, learn what are tax reforms and why there is a need for reforms in India and why were they bought in India. Later you need to discuss what impact does the reforms created on the Economy and if it what the government has aimed for, etc. Major points of the Project are explained below

  • India’s fiscal policy
  • Simplification of the fiscal system
  • Types of taxes (Indirect and direct taxes)
  • Tax evasion
  • Change in tax rates

Digital India Movement

Under the Topic Digital India Movement, you need to cover right from What Digit India Movement means. Give an overview of how it all started and the thought process behind it. Impact the movement has created and your take on the entire movement. Some Key Points to be included in the Digital India Movement are as follows

  • Awareness of digital India project
  • Digital India and foreign trade
  • Adoption of the digital India policy by people coming from rural areas
  • Effectiveness of digitalization
  • The overall impact of the Digital India Movement

Import Substitution vs Export Promotion

Import Substitution and Export Promotion are the two key trade policy reforms and both of them are completely different from each other. In your project, you need to talk about trade policy reforms in detail, what is Import substitution and export Promotion and how they differ from one another. At last, you need to conclude and bring to light what the government wished to achieve by bringing these policies. The Key Points to be included in the project are along the lines

  • Phases of Export promotion
  • Export promotion council of India
  • Objectives behind the export promotion
  • Export promotion policies
  • History of import substitution
  • Measures for important substitution
  • Objectives behind import substitution

Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on Values of Currencies

In this project, you need to discuss how various economic variables created an impact on the value of currencies and exchange rates. Few Key Points to be discussed in relation to the value of currency are along the lines

  • Inflation rate
  • Tax rate
  • Balance of payment
  • Monetary policy
  • Import and export value

Price Determination

In this project, you need to talk about how prices are determined in different forms of the market. Include different forms of market, its structures, graphs, and other data related to price determination. Major Points to be included in the Price Determination are as follows

  • Types of market
  • Monopoly market and price determination
  • Perfect competition and price determination
  • Oligopoly and price determination
  • Monopolist market and price determination

Opportunity Cost

An Economics Project on the Opportunity Cost should include the following points

  • What is the opportunity cost?
  • Examples of opportunity cost
  • How to calculate the opportunity cost
  • Opportunity cost graph
  • Applications of opportunity cost (Determining factor prices, Consumption pattern decisions, Determining economic rent, Product plan decisions, Decisions about national priorities, )
  • Types of opportunity cost (Implicit cost, Explicit cost, and marginal opportunity cost)

Demand and its Determinants

Project on Demand and its Determinants should cover the following points

  • What is demand
  • Demand curve and schedule
  • An introduction to determinants of demand
  • Law of demand
  • Exceptions of the law of demand
  • Different determinants of demand (income of the consumer, the price of the product,  price of related goods, taste, and preference of the consumer, etc.) and how they impact the demand of a commodity.

Production – Returns to a Factor

Returns to a Factor is an Important Law of Production and is also one of the key components of economic study. Project on Returns to a Factor must cover the following topics in it.

  • What are the factors of production?
  • Fixed factors
  • Variable factors
  • Total/Average/Marginal productivity
  • Diminishing returns to scale

Monopoly

Project on Monopoly should include all the points related to the Monopoly Market. In short, Monopoly Market should cover the following topics

  • What is a monopoly market and its features?
  • Types of monopoly
  • Reasons for an emergency of monopoly
  • Market structures related to a monopoly market
  • Can a monopoly market be harmful to the economy?

Economics Projects Guidelines

While choosing your Project of Economics you need to keep certain points in mind and they are listed below

  • Be aware of what you are doing
  • Make Sure your project is different and cut short it.
  • Don’t Exaggerate and try to include all the necessary points regarding the topic. However, a topic on demand might lead you to behavioral economics and that’s not so important. Concentrate on specific features and don’t make it lengthy.
  • Take Proper Guidelines from your Faculty.

FAQs on Economics Project for Class 12

1. What are the Project Topics in Economics?

Some of the Important Project Topics in Economics are given as under

  • Imperfect competition and Market failure.
  • Theories of the Long-run supply curve (Not recommended if you aren’t thoroughly versed in Macroeconomics basics)
  • Non-Performing Asset and Central Bank’s procedures to recover it
  • Central Bank’s functions with special reference to RBI
  • RBI’s policies to curb inflation and appreciate currency value.
  • Causes and Potential Solutions for Adverse Balance of payments.
  • Theories of utility (Ordinal and cardinal Approach)
  • The shift of India’s growth parameters from agricultural to manufacturing and service sectors over 50 years period.
  • Derivation of the Demand curve from Hicksian and Slutsky Income and Substitution Effects.
  • Banking Sector Reforms

2. How can I make a Class 12 Economics Project?

In order to make the 12th Standard Economics Project, you need to follow the guidelines issued by the official board of examination. Before you begin working on the Project confirm with your teacher. Try to keep the project original and avoid copying project ideas from other people.

3. Where do I get the 12th Std Economics Project Ideas for free?

You can find the 12th Std Economics Project Ideas for free on Learncram.com a trusted portal for all your needs.

15 Most Toughest Exams In The World To Crack | List of Top Hardest Exams Globally

Toughest Exams In The World

Toughest Exams In The World: In an incessantly populated world, the competition to procure education and sustain in academics has become difficult with each passing day. To attain a seat in any reputed university or college, one has to clear the various entrance exam. In any place in the world, you have to clear some of the other exams to get admitted to any course of study from any reputed well-established university.

Achieving degrees from reputed colleges have become all the more important to attain a good job. Be it in science, medicine, law engineering, or management, and every sphere demands a competent student through different kinds of entrance exams to test students’ potential and worth.

Also Check: Toughest Courses in the World

To help you all in knowing the top 10 toughest exams in the world forbes, we have come up with this helpful article. Go through the links available below and check the list of the top 15 hardest exams in the world to crack & get admission to study your dreamed course in the respective university. Toughest. Medical Exam in the world is UMSLE – The United States Medical Licensing Examination

List of Top 15 Toughest Exams in the World To Clear

The exams which have been claimed to be among the 15 most difficult exams of the world are:

Rank  Toughest Exams in the World Country
1 Master Sommelier Diploma Exam USA
2 IES – Indian Engineering Services India
3 All Souls Prize Fellowship Exam UK
4 California Bar Exam USA
5 CA – Chartered Accountant India
6 UMSLE – The United States Medical Licensing Examination USA
7 LNAT – Law National Aptitude Test UK
8 GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering India
9 CCIE – Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert USA
10. CFA – Chartered Financial Analyst India
11. GRE – Graduate Record Examination USA
12 Mensa UK
13 UPSC – Union Public Services Commission India
14 IIT JEE – Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance
Examination
India
15 Gaokao China

Toughest Exams In The World To Crack

15. Gaokao or NCEE National College Entrance Exam

Gaokao is an entrance exam conducted in China for admission to an undergraduate degree. It is infamous for being the most difficult exam in China. Students willing to pursue undergraduate degrees from prestigious colleges and universities have to pass this exam. Among the candidates who sit for this exam, only 25% receive a score for admission to reputed colleges and universities. This exam occurs over a period of 2 days for 9 hours. The syllabus for this exam includes English, Math, and Chinese Literature.

It is a mandatory exam conducted for high school students wishing to study further. This exam creates much stress and anxiety among students. The score of this particular test is considered in some western countries like the USA. The difficulty level and fate deciding factor of this exam have allured many documentary makers worldwide. The success rate of this exam is almost negligible.

14. IIT-JEE Indian Institute of Technology- Joint Entrance Examination

It is deemed among one of the toughest exams conducted in India. Engineering aspirants apply for this exam. The ones with the best performance get to secure a place among the seven most prestigious IIT colleges in INDIA, the IIT Mumbai, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Rourke, and IIT Guwahati. Based on performance and rank obtained, students get selected in NIT (National Institute of Technology) after IIT colleges while remaining tries to procure seats in other government and private colleges.

It is a national-level engineering exam conducted for a period of 2 hours comprising of two objective papers. The subjects needed to study for this particular exam includes physic, math, and chemistry. This exam has a very low success rate, and every year around 11-15 lakh students appear for this exam, and very few get through the test.

13. UPSC Union Public Service Commission

It is one of the hardest exams conducted by the central government of India to recruit top-notch government officials. It is said to be even harder than GATE and JEE, as the success rate is 0.1%. It is conducted in three phases the prelims, mains, and personal interview round. A student has to sit for all three stages of the exam and clear each of these stages.

12. Mensa

It is an IQ Test conducted by Mensa, one of the oldest and largest IQ Testing Society of the world. There is no age boundary to appear for this exam. The Mensa society has members with the highest IQ level. Every country has its own IQ society, and the youngest member of Mensa is a two-year-old.

11. GRE Graduate Record Examination

It is one of the difficult exams to crack in the US. For every high school student wanting to pursue higher studies, the GRE score is a compulsion to obtain a seat in any reputed college in the USA. GRE is essential for those looking for a Master’s level and Ph.D. programs in universities across the US. This exam is managed in both offline and online mode; the subjects include verbal, analytical writing, quantitative reasoning abilities, and research.

10. CFA – Chartered Financial Analyst Exam

Chartered Financial Analyst is not exactly an exam. It is more of a professional degree. It comprises three stages, and each stage involves 240 questions conducted for six convoluted hours. After clearing all three exam levels, one has to undergo a practice session for two years to achieve a complete degree in Chartered Financial Analyst.

9. CCIE Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert

Cisco System conducts CCIE to recruit networking experts. It is among the most reputed networking organization. It is conducted in two stages, ramified into six sections, and the second stage lasts for eight long hours. CCIE is considered as a renowned certificate in the whole networking industry

8. GATE Gratitude Aptitude Test in Engineering

GATE is a national-level admission test for undergraduate engineering students who are willing to pursue postgraduate courses. GATE is an endeavor between the Indian Institute of Technology and the Indian Institute of Science. It is a difficult nut to break with the level of competition in this field. GATE entrance exam tests an individual’s potential and knowledge in subjects like math, science, engineering, and general aptitude.

The exam has been conducted online since 2014, and the scores obtained in this particular exam is valid for a duration of two years. The exam consists of a single paper with objective-type questions and numerical. The exam lasts for a span of 2 hours, and it tests a candidate’s technical knowledge.

7. LNAT National Admission Tests of Law

United Kingdom’s National Aptitude Test has started in 2014 and paved its way in becoming the toughest exam to crack. The exam was pioneered by Oxford University to test the skills and aptitude of applicants. This exam lasts for a time span of 2.5 hours, involves reading and an essay section. The scores of this exam are considered by various law colleges across the UK. LNAT is conducted around 100 centers across the world.

6. UMSLE the United States Medical Licensing Examination

UMSLE is taken by physicians in the US to procure a license for practicing medicine in the Healthcare sector. The UMSLE is sponsored by the National Board of Medical Examiner (NBME) and the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) IN the US. This exam is conducted to assess the practical knowledge and concepts of application in any critical has to undergo this particular test for procuring a license.

5. CA Chartered Accountancy

CA is one of the toughest examinations to crack in India. CA is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The exam is split into three stages, the first level is the CA Foundation, the second is the IPCC, and the last one is the CA Final. Most of the students head-start their preparation along with their undergraduate studies.

The first stage of the examination tests the knowledge in topics of Mercantile laws, Quantitative Aptitude, and Fundamentals of Accounting and Economics. The next level of Examination IPCC tests the applicant’s knowledge of seven different subjects, and the third stage comprises the CA Final.

4. California Bar Exam

California Bar exam is conducted to recruit candidates in the Bar Society, this exam has organized the State of California, and it is one of the toughest exams to scale through. It is conducted over a span of three days for 18 hours, comprising of multiple-choice as well as essay-type questions. The success rate for this examination lies around 35-55%. It is conducted twice a year in the month of February and July.

3. All Souls Prize Fellowship Exam

All Souls Prize Fellowship Exam has attained the status of being historical in nature, which makes it one of the toughest examinations in the world. It has been conducted for decades to enroll students in the various courses of Philosophy, Law, Classical Studies, Economics, History, and Politics. Oxford University conducts all Souls Prize Fellowship Exam; on clearing this exam, one becomes a full-time salaries fellow of Oxford for seven consistent years.

Oxford University’s All Soul’s college elects Prize fellows every year. The college selects two out of fifty or more fields, and the exam tests an individual’s factual as well as imaginative knowledge. The exam comprises two sections one is the writing section, and the other is the viva.

2. IES Indian Engineering Services

Indian Engineering Services is the toughest engineering exam in India. It is conducted by the UPSC Union Public Service Commission to recruit engineers for the various posts at the department of the government of India. Electrical, Mechanical, Electronic, and Civil engineering students are eligible to sit for this particular exam.

The exam is ramified into four sections the General Aptitude, and Objective Technical, Conventional Technical paper, and a final round of interview. If anyone gets to clear all the four stages of the examination, then he/she is appointed in the various posts at the department of Government of India.

1. The Master Sommelier Diploma Exam

The court of master Sommelier conducts this examination to strengthen the standard of beverage services by the Sommelier, particularly in wine and food pairing. This exam started back 40 years ago; since then, around 200-230 candidates have only succeeded in clearing this exam. It is considered among the difficult exams of the world. The exam is ramified into three sections Service, Theory, and Blind Tasting.

The blind tasting part is the most difficult section of this exam where a candidate has to identify is kept blinded ad has to identify the grape variant. Identification is not the only part; one has to also mention its place of origin and the places where it is grown. Applicants try for years to crack this tough nut, and even the most famous Sommelier has cleared this exam in his/her third or fourth attempt.

15 Most Toughest Exams In The World To Crack

Additional Information About Toughest Exams in India

  • CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is a reputed law exam conducted in India to enroll students in the law colleges for BA LLB (Honors), BSc LLB (Honors) courses.
  • CAT (Common Admission Test) is taken by students willing to take admission in business schools or management educational institutions. The success rate of this examination is very rare out of 2-5 lakh candidates only a number of 1500-2000 of them manage to pass the CAT exam.
  • NID (National Institute of Design Entrance Exam) is an exam to test an individual’s on various aspects of Design, perception, attitude, aptitude, and achievement. On clearing this exam, one gets to study in the different Design Institutes of India.
  • NEET-UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is a medical entrance test conducted by the (NTA National Testing Agency) to enroll students in the undergraduate MBBS and BDS degree program. High secondary level students with science (physic, chemistry, and biology) are only eligible to apply for this particular exam.

Doing a Ph.D. After MBA | Eligibility Criteria, Career Scope, Employment And Salary

Doing A PhD After MBA

Doing A Ph.D. After MBA: The ‘road less taken’ can be simply called for Ph.D. after MBA. Not many people is seen to pursue a Ph.D. in Commerce; as it is a field that does not attract and relatively unknown many pursuers.

In the academic field, Ph.D. after MBA is more useful than a professional one. initially; The ROI and opportunity cost for this course are also not up to par, however, by saying that, it does not mean that the course is not worth it or useless. If a Ph.D. is done right then it can be quite rewarding.

Ph.D. after MBA or Management

As one may expect it to be, Ph.D. after MBA may not be as advantageous. After getting done with an MBA, rather than pursue a Ph.D., many prefer to increase their work experience, but if you are interested in doing research in the field of your interest, a Ph.D. may be the perfect course for a person to take up.

Ph.D. researchers or individuals also get a chance to do individual research and study, apart from the extensive knowledge which the course provides, which puts them quite apart from other managers.

  1. The course requires a lot of dedication and rigorous hard work in Ph.D.
  2. A lot of time needs to be invested by someone with a Ph.D., which can be tedious.
  3. The Ph.D. course combines practical application with theoretical knowledge.
  4. There are many practical methods and approaches like field studies, econometrics, experimental methods, etc., which are mostly used during Ph. D.s.
  5. For those who want to teach Management, Ph.D. is for them.
  6. The profession of the Professor is most sought after and reputable.
  7. Ph.D. researchers also work as consultants in top firms.
  8. Ph.D. increases their analytical skills and trains researchers.
  9. Because of their skillset, positions in analytics are offered commonly to Ph.D. researchers.
  10. One may not quite earn much before getting tenure, and the growth is considerably slow.

Do Refer: Career Objective for MBA

Ph.D. After MBA or Management

Ph.D. Course Duration After MBA

Depending on the research topic, methodologies, and time and labor investment, the duration for Ph.D. after MBA may vary.

On average, it may take 4 to 5 years for the completion of a Ph.D.. Depending on the country and institution, the duration may also vary.

Country Duration (Average)

  • India – 3 years
  • USA – 5-7 years
  • UK – 3-4 years
  • Australia – 4-6 years
  • Germany – 3-5 Years

Eligibility Criteria for Ph.D. After MBA

Eligibility Criteria for a Ph.D. after an MBA must be an MBA degree, as one may assume. But that’s not so.

There are many other criteria for eligibility, as well. To pursue a Ph.D. after MBA, one must fulfill being eligible for a Ph.D. after MBA, and the following are the criteria.

  1. One must have an acceptable TOEFL or IELTS exam score to prove their proficiency in the English language.
  2. One must also have a respectable, which may vary as per the university of GRE/GMAT score.
  3. Students must also submit their essays, transcript and SOP.
  4. Letters of Recommendation are required. At least 2 to 3 times to be submitted by the aspiring student.
  5. Oftentimes, an interview is conducted either online via video call or physically to test student’s eligibility and knowledge.
  6. Students must have a thesis statement or an idea and a dissertation ready.
  7. It is crucial that the students are well versed to have a clear idea and what they want to do about their objectives.
  8. The acceptance rate at top-rated Business Schools is around 3 to 5%.

Can One do a Ph.D. after MBA?

Yes, one actually can do a Ph.D. after MBA. There are various business schools worldwide that offer Ph.D. programs after an MBA, which can be pursued.

For the MBA itself, some years of work experience is required by many schools. The Student may already have the direction they want to take in their life by choosing to pursue an MBA.

A Ph.D. after an MBA is not quite a popular choice, but many students still decide to pursue the research either for better opportunities or out of interest. To pursue a Ph.D., the criteria for eligibility include more than 50% or more marks in your post-graduation, and students are also required to take up an entrance exam. The field of Ph.D. is open for the Student or for anyone who has done an MBA.

After MBA Available Top Ph.D. Courses

A student may choose from several Ph.D. courses after MBA. Due to its vast scope, there is no dearth of specialization in the field of management.

As the Ph.D. in Management is an unexplored field, each research in each area is equally important.

There are several available courses one may take, like:

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Human Resource Management
  • Marketing
  • Finance
  • Accounting
  • Management
  • Economics
  • Commerce
  • Statistics
  • Chemistry
  • Commercial Law
  • Operational Research
  • Healthcare and Management
  • Organizational Behaviour
  • Computer Science
  • Law
  • IT
  • Engineering
  • Political Science
  • Education
  • Psychology

How to Do a Ph.D. after MBA?

For students who actually want to do a Ph.D. after their MBA is done, there are many options. It is important that for the duration of 2 years, the MBA course the candidate has done.

The students must choose their work and field of interest in that direction and also most important.

Students always have the choice to pursue a Ph.D. in abroad or India. The application process for both remains more or less the same. To do a Ph.D. after an MBA abroad, one has to additionally give language proficiency exams like IELTS or TOEFL and exams like GMAT or GRE.

For India, exams like CAT are applicable.

Ph.D. After MBA or Management

Ph.D. After MBA in India

  1. One must have a good score in their CAT exam and a two-year MBA degree.
  2. For admission in their Ph.D. courses, GATE or even UGC NET may be required at some top IIMs.
  3. A Ph.D. may actually vary from 3 to 5 years on average, and it is important to note that the duration.
  4. In the first year of Ph.D., the candidates are trained in research methodologies and subjects, etc. and are mostly dedicated to the coursework.
  5. In the second year, one may choose the area in which they will be conduction research and their specialization.
  6. It is often advisable that students actually choose the area for research in which they have specialized during their MBA. It is, however, not quite compulsory.
  7. A Ph.D. thesis is the most essential part of any Ph.D., and during their second year only, it is important that students start developing it.
  8. In the third year, after they have researched and collected data, a student is asked to present their thesis statement.
  9. After the first six months of the third year, students are free to write their research papers and Ph.D. and do their research.
  10. The whole process can be quite time-consuming, but the only trick here is to be very resilient.

Can I actually do a Ph.D. after Distance MBA?

  1. Yes, you can obviously do a Ph.D. after a distance MBA.
  2. The institute must be recognized by the UGC.
  3. Universities are not allowed to differentiate between the degrees.
  4. The degree earned and mentioned in the eligibility criteria must be in tandem.
  5. As the process for regular courses, the application process is as same.
  6. Candidates must submit their essays, SOPs, mark sheets, documents, etc., like any other regular candidate.
  7. Mostly on entrance exams and interviews, the admission in a Ph.D. program is based.
  8. Over the ones who did pursue their degrees via distance education mode, Some institutes may prefer regular students.
  9.  The decision is solely based on the discretion of the university to select a candidate or not.

Ph.D. After MBA – In Distance Education

In Distance Education, one can definitely do a Ph.D. after MBA, but few things actually need to be taken into consideration.

It is important and mandatory that the institution from where the candidate has pursued their MBA in Distance education form is recognized by any other supreme commission as relevant to the country or by the UGC.

Also, for the Ph.D. program, one is applying to, the degree must match the eligibility criteria as well.

Ph.D. After MBA Abroad – Entrance Exams & Admission Process:

If you are actually planning to pursue a Ph.D. after an MBA, especially from abroad, then the following points will help and guide you through the application process and entrance exams:

  1. For global universities, the application process is very different from the universities of India. You actually don’t have to give any entrance exam to pursue a Ph.D. after an MBA from abroad; rather, the GMAT / GRE score is needed to submit.
  2. Previous project and research work matter, LORs, SOPs, and a lot when you are actually looking to pursue a Ph.D. abroad. They increase the chances of getting selected by making your profile strong.
  3. For Ph.D. programs, most of the universities have a 3-5% acceptance rate. Thus, it is vital to make your application strong; get in touch with experts if you need any help regarding the same.
  4. You need to work on your specific thesis, submit it in the provided duration as the curriculum more or less remains the same in Ph.D., and complete your Ph.D. after MBA.

Top-Most Abroad Universities for Pursuing Ph.D. after MBA

For better assistance at the time of your research on Ph.D. Courses after completion of MBA, we have enlisted some of the significant academic universities that are globally famous for their advanced specialized courses on Ph.D. after MBA:

Harvard University, US Pacific States University, US
Technical University of Munich, Germany INSEAD, France
Robert Gordon University, UK University of Wales, UK
Southern Illinois University, US ISEG, Portugal
Taylor’s University, Malaysia Heidelberg University, Germany
Alliant International University University of California- Berkeley

Best Countries to Study Ph.D. after MBA Abroad

Most of the popular abroad destinations for Ph.D. studies are UK, USA, Australia, Germany, and Canada. These countries are notable for their research doctoral courses so choosing the best country to study Ph.D. is a crucial decision. So, decide carefully by doing deeper research about the course and universities in all countries. Let’s have a glance at the top countries to study Ph.D. after MBA and their popular research universities below for some idea:

Ph.D. After MBA in the USA

Ph.D. after MBA in the USA is the most popular place; because of a highly research-friendly environment, it especially is a great place to pursue a Ph.D. after an MBA.

The USA offers students unlimited data and resources to facilitate their research as it is home to the top business schools. The amenities are quite good here, which are provided to Ph.D. researchers.

  1. University of Pennsylvania
  2. Harvard University
  3. Stanford University
  4. The University of California
  5. Columbia University
  6. Kellogg School of Management
  7. The University of Chicago
  8. Washington University
  9. Cornell University
  10. University of Michigan

Ph.D. After MBA in Australia

Ph.D. after MBA in Australia is also home to many great universities, and it is a very pleasant place to be at.

Ph.D. programs after MBA are offered by many great B-schools present. For applying practical methods, there is a lot of scopes and here because of the way corporates and businesses are run here.

Students will be provided with quite a lot of opportunities to collect primary as well as secondary data and conduct researches.

  1. Australian National University
  2. UNSW Sydney
  3. University of Western Australia
  4. University of Sydney
  5. University of Melbourne
  6. University of Queensland
  7. Monash University
  8. University of Adelaide
  9. Queensland University of Technology
  10. University of Canberra

Ph.D. After MBA in Germany

Probably the best place to pursue a Ph.D. after an MBA in Germany because of the varieties of facilities like the grant which are made available for students studying.

Germany has the best management programs and boasts of some of the best universities in the world as well. Many universities in Germany offer great guidance to students to help them in their research work and Ph.D. in management.

  1. University of Berlin
  2. University of Hamburg
  3. LMU Munich
  4. Technical University of Munich
  5. Heidelberg University
  6. Humboldt University of Berlin
  7. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  8. RWTH Aachen University
  9. University of Freiburg
  10. Bielefeld University

Ph.D. After MBA Finance

One of the topmost and popular specializations is a Ph.D. after MBA in Finance. The scope is vast, and the opportunities are quite endless.

Though the subject for those interested may seem challenging, it has a plethora of research ideas and opportunities.

Expertise in subjects like Mathematics and Economics is required by Ph.D. in Finance.

The top universities which are offering this program are:

  1. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
  2. Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies
  3. IIT Delhi
  4. Harvard University
  5. Stanford University
  6. University of Adelaide
  7. The Centurion University of Technology and Management
  8. Birla Institute of Technology and Science
  9. Indian Institute of Management, Ranchi
  10. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT)

Scope Of Ph.D. After MBA in Finance

Opportunities after opportunities are present in Ph.D. after MBA in Finance. There is a wide and deep scope of opportunities, and many companies to hire because of their skill and both practical and theoretical knowledge do look out for such candidates. Top companies seek to recruit candidates who have completed their Ph.D. in Finance and like the ones mentioned below.

  1. IBM
  2. Infosys
  3. HCL
  4. TATA Consultancy
  5. Adobe
  6. Airtel
  7. Accenture
  8. Genpact Technologies Ltd
  9. ICICI Bank
  10. Reliance

Ph.D. in Management

One of the highest degrees of academic awarded in the study of management is a Ph.D. in management. For those seeking teaching careers and academic research as professors or faculty in the field of management at business schools worldwide, a Ph.D. in Management degree was designed.

Following are some Benefits of PhD after MBA

  • Helps you become a better thinker: More than just consume what has been taught in the classes, a good Ph.D. in Management program encourages you to do more – it teaches you to become a good thinker and create more. One will achieve newer levels of critical thinking by moving past passive learning, which you can apply in new ways in your field of interest as well as your career.
  • To gain an edge: A Ph.D. in Management is essential and immediately marketable, especially in today’s workforce, provide an asset that will give you a competitive advantage. A Ph.D. in Management proves the expertise in your field of study; you have an impressive level of credibility and a lifelong commitment to learning which will help you fulfill your professional goals.
  • Become a competitive scholar-practitioner: A Ph.D. in Management will give you the confidence and knowledge but present at them instead of just attending academic conferences. You’ll discover your write a dissertation, may find yourself authoring peer-reviewed articles published in your field’s leading journals, and may have a scholarly voice.
  • Skills enhancement: A Ph.D. in Management can actually help you enhance valuable skills and gain that are universally applicable to any kind of field. They are empowering you to make more of an impact in your current role by giving you expertise outside of your organization by the degree, which in turn helps people around you as well. You may find colleagues turning to you for guidance, Once you begin your studies.

Ph.D. in Management

Career Scope, Employment, and Salary for Doing a Ph.D. After MBA

Somewhere between 8 Lakhs to 18 Lakhs per annum, Ph.D. after MBA salary in India is depending upon whether you explore the academic domain working as a lecturer or academician or working in a corporate sector.

For graduates with a Ph.D. in Commerce-related specializations and Management below, we have elucidated upon the major employment sector:

  • Teaching: A Ph.D.’s most popular career path post is that of becoming a professor or teacher. Most Ph. D.s in management or business pursue it in the first place to pursue a career in particular academics. Further, to hire Ph.D.’s like business school professors, most of the research universities prefer. Suppose you aim to become a part of Ivy League schools or other prestigious academic institutions because of this striking combination coupled with a few years of professional experience. In that case, you should definitely go for a Ph.D. degree after MBA. It can make you an ideal candidate for the position of lecturer or university professor at a business school. Nearly 75% of business ‘Ph.D. after MBA’ graduates at business schools become faculty members, to give a rough statistical description, and roughly 25% take jobs in the industry.
  • Research: A Ph.D. involves extensive analysis and is quite a data-driven degree and in-depth assessment as it constitutes various submissions of a multiple research thesis as its incremental element. If you have planned to pursue a career in research, but combining it with a Ph.D. might give you the knowledge and expertise of both the research world as well as corporate, and an MBA is more of a route of professional to take. You can further enter various research sectors with a versatile skill set by getting the taste of both these areas, which will prove extremely useful in carrying out path-breaking contributions and case studies with the potential of bringing a newer light to the commercial industry.
  • Corporate Sector: As a common myth, you might be told that in the professional world, a doctorate degree is of no use, but it is quite the opposite as a Ph.D. after an MBA can furnish you with the outstanding business acumen to fit the role of business consultants and analysts. As many of the doctoral scholars move further to become professors or researchers, only a small proportion of them head towards the industry. As this degree provides aspirants with the understanding of employing Ph.D. s derive wisdom from their theoretical and unique methodologies for analysis, which, when combined with the pragmatic training obtained during MBA, marks for a marvelous body of knowledge. You can explore varied prospects in entrepreneurship ventures as well as companies like SEC, JP Morgan Chase, McKinsey, and Morgan Stanley, which are known to hire Ph. D.s frequently.

FAQ’s on Doing A Ph.D. After MBA

Question 1.
What Ph.D. should I get after my MBA?

Answer:
For students who want to do a Ph.D. after their MBA is done, there are many options. The MBA course the candidate has done must be for the duration of 2 years, and it is important. The most common career path after that is chosen is teaching.

Question 2.
Is an MBA higher than a Ph.D.?

Answer:
Compared to a Ph.D. that takes 4-6 years, you can complete your MBA in 1- 2 years. It allows them to start their career far sooner for the student, so the MBA is considered advantageous.

Question 3.
Can I do a Ph.D. while working?

Answer:
Yes, you can do a Ph.D. while working, but this can only happen if you are keen to work. Working full time and doing a Ph.D. is not easy; you won’t make progress without constant effort.

Question 4.
Can I do a Ph.D. at 40?

Answer:
Yes, you can do a Ph.D. at the age of 40; most of the person who does this are mostly in the education sector. The only problem that comes up is that not all programs will be open for you.

Courses After BiPC | Updated List of Best Courses after Inter BiPC other than MBBS

Courses After BiPC

Courses After BiPC: BiPC, also widely popular as Medical Stream, is a subject combination that the students opt-in senior secondary school. The complete form of this stream is Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. It helps pursue any traditional course in higher studies like MBBS and BDS or any alternative medical course and diploma. The stream has a diverse curriculum that offers various career opportunities for the students and helps them explore more. This article contains all the details that a student going for BiPC in Class 11th and 12th must know.

Course Options after Inter BiPC

As depicted by the full form of the course, BiPC has three core subjects: biology, physics, and Chemistry in the Science stream. It offers a broader range of educational programs for students wanting to explore medical science and related specializations in higher studies. The best course that a student might go for after BiPC is MBBS, and there are many other prominent courses with specializations available in Nursing, Veterinary Science, Naturopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, etc. here is a list of some best courses that a student can choose after Inter BiPC:

  • Medical Courses – Medical and Surgery MBBS, Dental Science BDS, Bridge Course from BDS to MBBS.
  • AYUSH Courses – BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda, Surgery, and Medicine), BNYS (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Science), BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • Veterinary Courses – BVSc (Bachelor of Veterinary Science)
  • Agriculture Courses – BSc Forestry, BSc Agriculture, BSc Biology, BSc Botany
  • Nursing Courses – BSc Nursing
  • Medical Engineering Courses – Btech Biotechnology, BTech Biomedical Engineering, BTech Food technology
  • Pharmacy Courses – Bachelor of Pharmacy, D Pharmacy
  • Allied Health Courses – BSc Occupational Therapy, BSc Audiology, BSc Renal Dialysis Technology, BSc Optometry, BSc Microbiology, BSc Psychology, BSc Radiology, BSc Anesthesia, BSc Cardiology
  • BSc Courses – BSc Physiology, BSc Anatomy
  • Physiotherapy Courses – BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)
  • Ayurveda Courses
  • Naturopathy Courses
  • Homeopathy Courses

Best Courses After BiPC

A Brief on Medical Courses after BiPC

Students mainly opt for BiPC subjects to pursue medicine or any course in related fields. Here is a list of some popular medical programs that BiPC students can study at the undergraduate level.

MBBS: MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is among the most prominent and preferred BiPC students’ courses. This course takes around 5 to 6 years for the undergraduate degree program and enhances the students’ skills of building the best career in the medical field. For pursuing MBBS with the best universities, some prominent locations are Australia, New Zealand, the UK, Ukraine, Japan, Canada, China, and Hungary.

Dental Sciences: BDS (Bachelor in Dental Science) is the second most preferred and prominent course for a BiPC student. This is a 4-year-long undergraduate degree program with added one year for internship and experience gaining. This program for medical students sharpens the dental health and hygiene-related skills of the students.

BHMS: BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is another main course for BiPC students that encompass ancient medical practices and various modern health science elements. This course takes 5.5 years to complete, and it imparts immense knowledge in the students about areas like anatomy, immunology, pathology, etc.

Also Check: Toughest Courses in the World

Agriculture Courses

Many countries, including the USA, Chine, India, and others, depend heavily on Agriculture as the primary employment and income source. As a result, many universities across the World offer various degree programs in Agriculture at undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctorate levels. Here is a list of all the offered courses for BiPC students in the agriculture sector:

  • BSc in Horticulture
  • BSc in Plant Production
  • BSc Agriculture
  • BSc in Animal Production
  • BSc in Entomology
  • BSc in Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Bachelors in International Food and Agribusiness
  • Bachelors in International Rural Innovation and Development
  • Bachelors in Horticulture and Business Management

AYUSH Courses after BiPC

AYUSH stands for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy. Ayurveda and Homeopathy are the alternative medicine systems under AYUSH and are being practiced all across the World. Ayurvedic medicine helps equip the students with knowledge of curing various doshas (bodily dysfunctions). The homeopathy course trains the BiPC students for curing disease by using medicines to enhance inner strength. BHMS (Bachelors of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) and BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) have gained immense popularity due to broader usage. Both courses have a duration of 5.5 years. Here is a list of some more courses that come under AYUSH:

  • Diploma in Homeopathy
  • Diploma in Acute Prescribing with Homeopathy
  • Diploma in Ayurvedic Pharmacy
  • Diploma in Homeopathy and Health Sciences

Biotechnology Courses

Another most opted course after BiPC is Biotechnology amalgamates that has components of both technology and science. With this course, the students can use their knowledge of biological processes in industrial needs. Here are some best courses to kick start the career in Biotechnology:

  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • Associate in Science in Biotechnology
  • BSc Biotechnology
  • BSc in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology

Forensic Science Courses After BiPC

There are various prominent colleges and universities across the world that offer some best Forensic science courses after BiPC for the students. It involves law enforcement and medical science for solving various crimes. Students are taught to understand the techniques of preservation and examination of physical shreds of evidence that comes from the crime scenes in the courses. There are many forensic science courses available, as mentioned below:

  • BSc in Forensic Science
  • BSc Psychology with Forensic Psychology
  • BSc in Digital Forensics and Information Assurance
  • BSc Criminology and Forensic Studies
  • Bachelor of Applied Science in Forensic Studies
  • MSc Forensic Science

Zoology Courses

For all the students interested in learning animal genetics and their life processes, they must pursue a zoology course. Available as diploma courses, degree programs, and short courses, students have access to various study programs to understand genetics, physiology, and life processes of the animal kingdom. Students can also go for specialization in animal behaviour, conservation and marine zoology, and evolutionary biology. Here is the list of some main courses that many universities offer for zoology:

  • BSc Zoology
  • BSc(Hons) Marine Biology and Oceanography
  • BSc (Hons) Marine Vertebrate and Zoology
  • BSc (Hons) in Aquaculture
  • Bachelor in Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences

Microbiology Courses

Microbiology involves various elements from diverse fields like bacteriology, virology, etc. Microbiology courses involve an in-depth understanding of microorganisms on a larger scale, and their scope is more comprehensive, including pharmaceutical to clinical research and analysis. Here is the list of some best Microbiology courses that students of BiPS can opt for after completing higher secondary education:

  • BSc Microbiology
  • BSc Clinical Microbiology
  • BSc Dairy Manufacturing
  • BSc Microbial, Cellular, and Molecular Biology

Geology Courses

Geology involves scientific study and understanding of materials available on Earth or its surface. Many students of the Science stream pursue this field for higher education, and the available course options for the students are as follows:

  • BSc Geology
  • BSc (Hons) Geology with Physical Geography
  • BSc (Hons) Astrophysics and Geology
  • BE and BSc – Studies in Environmental Earth Sciences and Biology

Must Refer: Career Objective for a Fresher

Allied Health Courses After BiPC

After BiPC, many students also go for allied health science courses, and it serves as the best option for the students not wishing to pursue BDS or MBBS. Graduates from this field serve the profession to assist the doctors in performing various medical functions. Here is the list of specialization courses in applied health courses:

  • Occupational Therapists
  • Audiology
  • Anesthesia Technology
  • Neuroscience Technology
  • Speech and Language Therapy
  • Imaging Technology
  • Radiology
  • Respiratory Therapy
  • Prosthetics and Orthotics

Prominent Courses After BiPC

Best Courses After BiPC apart from MBBS

As the career options for the BiPC students do not end at MBBS Course, here is a list of some other prominent study programs and courses that help the students to explore more:

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • BSc in Biotechnology
  • BSc in Agriculture
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)
  • Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS)
  • Diploma in Forensic Science
  • BSc in Forensic Science
  • Bachelor of Science (BSc/BSc Honors)
  • BSc in Zoology
  • BSc Radiology
  • BSc in Geology
  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
  • BSc in Bioinformatics
  • BSc in Agronomy
  • BSc in Aquaculture and Pisciculture

These are the best courses that a BiPC student can go for without appearing in NEET and EAMCET.

Prominent BSc Courses After BiPC

Best Courses After 12th BIPC Without NEET and EAMCET

  1. Bachelor of Science in Physics – This is an undergraduate education course that lasts for around four years. The best locations for studying this are Germany, the UK, the USA, etc.
  2. Bachelor of Science in Chemistry – BSc Chemistry is a 4-year long undergraduate course that serves as the foundation program and is very popular for BiPC students. This course makes the students familiar with the basics of chemical science and chemistry.
  3. Bachelor of Science in Biology – BSc Biology is among the most opted courses for BiPC Students, which opens the way for various career options for the students in several industries. From molecular genetics to cytology to tissue culture, and much more, this course offers immense knowledge for the students in various aspects of the subject.
  4. BSc Anesthesia – BSc Anesthesia is a course that lasts for 3-4 years and offers various opportunities for the students to work in profiles like a medical consultant, researcher, anesthesiologist, etc. It involves multiple subjects like Orthopedic, Critical Care Anaesthesia, etc.
  5. BSc Radiology – For Science stream students, this is another popular course. It provides the students with the best opportunity to learn and apply the knowledge of diagnostic and interventional radiology to detect and diagnose various diseases and illnesses and treat them in the best possible manner.

Diploma/ Certificate Courses for BiPC Students

There are several degree programs available for students wanting to pursue a career, mainly in the medical field. But the students also have access to various short-term courses and diploma programs, fitting their needs. The certification courses or diploma programs help students with skill development and give them a fantastic opportunity to study affordably. Here are some best short term courses and diploma programs available for BiPC students:

  • Diploma in Agriculture
  • Diploma of Horticulture
  • Diploma in Health Information Management
  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • PGDM in Environmental Geology
  • Diploma in Forensic Sciences-Cyber Crime
  • Certificate in Forensic Identification
  • Advanced Diploma in MRI and Spectroscopy
  • Diploma in Office Administration – Health Services
  • Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security and Computer Forensics

Other Prominent Courses for BiPC Students

Apart from all the courses mentioned above, BiPC students can also go for alternative options and get a better career opportunity. Here is a list of some other courses available for BiPC Students:

  • Anthropology
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Orthoptics
  • Psychology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Microbiology
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Pathology
  • Food Technology
  • Fisheries Sciences
  • Psychology
  • Marine Biology
  • Home Science

Do Check: BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

Famous Universities to Pursue Courses After BiPC

The list of top & popular universities to seek courses after inter BiPC is as follows:

For Forensic Science courses:

  • University of West London
  • University of Canberra
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology
  • Trent University

For Biotechnology Courses:

  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Toronto
  • Texas A and M University
  • RWTH Aachen
  • University of Bonn
  • University of Newcastle
  • Flinders University

For Microbiology Courses

  • Harvard University
  • Colorado State University
  • Massey University
  • Johns Hopkins University

For Zoology Courses:

  • Queen Mary University of London
  • University of California, Davis
  • The University of Manchester
  • University of Otago
  • University of New South Wales

For Agriculture Courses:

  • University of Alberta
  • The University of Melbourne
  • Humboldt University of Berlin
  • University of Nottingham
  • Murray State University

For Food Technology Courses:

  • Cornell University
  • McGill University
  • University of Lincoln
  • Fulda University of Applied Sciences

Conclusion on Best Courses After BiPC Other than MBBS

This article contains a complete description of BiPC and available career options for the students after that. This is the best reference material to help the students decide the best choice for them and choose the right career path.

From diploma courses to undergraduate programs, master’s courses, and doctorate programs in various fields related to the stream, this course contains a brief description of all the available career opportunities for enhancing the life of a BiPC student.

FAQ’s on Courses After Bipc without Neet, Eamcet

1. What is the best course after BiPC?

Below list are some of the top-best Courses after BiPC other than MBBS:

  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • BSc Radiology.
  • BSc in Bioinformatics.
  • BSc in Geology.
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • BSc in Aquaculture and Pisciculture.
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
  • BSc in Agronomy.

2. What are the courses after 12th BiPC without Eamcet?

Following are the Non-Eamcet Courses For BIPC Students after 12th:

  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology [DMLT]
  • DIPLOMA IN ophthalmology
  • DIPLOMA IN Orthopedic
  • DIPLOMA IN Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • DIPLOMA IN Biotechnology
  • Medical Polytechnic
  • Paramedical courses

3. What is the full form of BiPC?

BiPC Full Form is Biology, Physics, Chemistry. This degree is used to gain knowledge about science subjects. It comes under a science stream in the pre-university course or Plus-two (10+2) in India.

BDS to MBBS Bridge Course | Eligibility Criteria, Top Courses, Career Options, Jobs, Salary

BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

BDS to MBBS Bridge Course 2021: Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS) and Bachelor of Medicine, and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) are the most pursued medical science courses in India. Aspiring candidates must appear for the National Entrance cum eligibility exam, commonly known as the NEET exam. Both the courses are UG-level courses, but there are some differences between the two.

BDS to MBBS bridge course is a distinctive approach that allows the dental science graduates to practice and work as a general physician in health sectors in multiple organizations such as clinics and hospitals all over the nation.

Latest News on Bridge Course, The bridge course is a university-level preparation course that prepares the graduates for their choice, where the bridge is the basis of admission to the primary degree program. Several countries have made advancements to their standards of the course and teaching, offering etching their name in the most effective and best education systems all around the world.

What is a Bridge Course?

Many colleges and universities have designed a bridge course to provide necessary information about the advanced subjects that the students will be trained in the future.

In other words, a bridge course can be considered as supplementary knowledge, which provides students with basic knowledge about advanced subjects which will be taught to them in the future. In India, this bridge course is also necessary for solving the problem of the shortage of medical professionals in rural areas.

Dentists who choose to pursue this course can practice as a doctor on completion of the course. The bridge course has the advantage as it imparts knowledge in a short time, helping the candidates with their skills development, directly improving the overall performance.

It allows graduates to take full-time employment, and for dental science students, it gives them a chance to change their career path on completion of the degree. BDS graduated are able to discover and learn about a wide range of surgery and medicine through this bridge course, becoming skilled medical professionals.

MBBS Bridge Course

What is BDS to MBBS Bridge Course?

The proposal is of starting a BDS to MBBS bridge course, with the MCI, DCI, and Ministry of Health reviewing the same curriculum. The proposal may help in allowing the dentist to practice just as the general physicians.

Efforts are being made within the country for improving the education system of the government. This is the most recent development in enhancing the education system by providing the best medical education in the country.

Although the full curriculum has still not been released or finalized, here are some aspects that the Bridge Course might cover later on as and when it is released.

  1. The Dental Council of India has proposed that the bridge course post-BDS will run for three years.
  2. The students can secure admissions by cracking the standard entrance test or according to the cumulative score attached during their BDS.
  3. The admission criteria may consider scores from the entrance as well as the cumulative score of BDS.
  4. The curriculum, examination scheme, method to evaluate, registration, and degrees are the criteria that will be the same as recommended for MBBS.

The BDS to MBBS bridge course has a distinct approach. It gives an opportunity to the graduates in Dental Sciences to practice as general physicians in organizations, hospitals, clinics, etc.

On successful completion of this bridge course, the graduates have to spend a minimum of three years working in rural parts of the country.

List of BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

The full list of the BDS Bridge Course has been listed in bullet points below:

  1. Histology, Bio-Chemistry, Physiology, and Anatomy.
  2. Pharmacology
  3. Physiology, Micro-biology
  4. Neurology, Pediatrics
  5. General Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology (ENT), Cardiology, Emergency Medicine

What is the Potential of this Bridge Course?

The Dental Council of India has recently recommended a BDS to MBBS Bridge course. The objective of the three-year program has two parts. The first objective which gets fulfilled through this bridge course is that it will benefit the BDS graduates looking for full-time employment opportunities.

The second objective is that since it is an innovative program, it will allow the Dental Aspirants to choose a different career path to complete the degree program.

Thus, the program has a vast potential helpful in filling the cavity created by the low penetration of skilled professionals in India’s medical sciences.

  1. Pediatrics
  2. Ear, Nose and Throat
  3. General Medicine
  4. General Science
  5. Gynecology
  6. Forensic Science, including toxicology
  7. Anesthesiology
  8. Radiotherapy
  9. Biochemistry
  10. Introduction to Humanities and community medicine
  11. Psychiatry
  12. Ophthalmology

BDS to MBBS Bridge Course Eligibility Criteria

India’s dental council has proposed specific eligibility criteria for the admission of the graduates who are willing to pursue this bridge course. The BDS applicants to the MBBS bridge course either have to appear in the entrance exam, or their admission will be made based on their BDS marks.

Sometimes, admission is granted to graduates with a combination of both the criteria mentioned above. Even though there is no framed curriculum, the possibility is that the bridge course may be according to the exam and syllabus pattern of MBBS.

To pursue this bridge course, the candidate needs to ensure that they have distinctive marks in their degree program. During the bridge course, some subjects include general surgery, pathology, oral medicine, forensic dentistry, biochemistry, anesthesiology, etc. Many colleges and universities provide this bridge course as long as the candidate fulfills the criteria.

To sum up, the eligibility criteria for BDS to MBBS bridge course is:

  1. The candidate must clear the entrance examination in the 3rd year of BDS.
  2. The aspirant must have an excellent cumulative score in the BDS program.

The Dental Council of India recommends the BDS to MBBS bridge course to provide the graduates with better employment opportunities. In India, most medical colleges and universities keep the BDS duration to the MBBS bridge course for three years.

After completing this bridge course, the graduates can have an MBBS degree, become certified physicians, or make other medicine and surgery growth.

Apart from full-time employment, this bridge course has another objective – to provide a chance for dental students to choose a different career path.

The Medical Council of India has provided some guidelines to start an MBBS curriculum for three years after receiving the proposal from the Dental Council of India (DCI). This is how this bridge course took place, and DCI made many efforts to make this thing possible for the betterment of BDS graduates by providing them with better employment.

BDS to MBBS Bridge Course Eligibility Criteria

Job Opportunities after the BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

The BDS to MBBS bridge course’s main objective is to provide the BDS graduates with full-time employment; hence, it is most important to discuss these job opportunities.

The bridge course graduates can get multiple job roles, and general physician is one of them. As a general physician, the graduates can get a job in some major hospital, clinic or some other healthcare organization all over India. There is a high requirement for competent doctors, and the bridge course is meant for that.

With the increasing demand for health specialists, there are endless job opportunities for this bridge course graduates.

When talking about government jobs, some essential steps are being taken to offer services in rural areas where the subsidized rental accommodation and rural will appeal to more doctors to go there.

Also, Read:

Curriculum of the BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

The BDS to MBBS course curriculum is yet to be finalized by the Ministry of Health and MCI but is inaction based on general guidelines. The curriculum will also be defined not to put in any specializations that will be hard for a BDS student to cope with. The same entrance exam will have a syllabus that is relevant to MBBS but not alien to BDS students.

The following developments have been considered for the BDS to MBBS Bridge Course:

  1. Only public and government universities will offer this course, but with revisions in the future private universities will also be given permission.
  2. The course will be for a period of 3 years from the 3rd year of the BDS program.
  3. The course will have a curriculum similar to MBBS but will differ in terms of difficulty levels considering the switch.

Importance of the BDS to MBBS Bridge Course in India

The country is not facing a scarcity of doctors but a lack of competent doctors. However, after the bridge course, the number of qualified and skilled doctors will increase on a large scale which will create more job opportunities.

By allowing the dentists to pursue MBBS, the government and DCI are trying to make a win-win situation for everyone. During this bridge course, there is a high requirement of providing specialization to the students; otherwise, there is no point in this bridge course.

Even though some healthcare experts do not agree with this rural healthcare of 3 years, some amendments can still be expected from the government and DCI. However, nevertheless, the bridge course initiative is expected to improve a lot of things in the entire healthcare sector.

Latest News on BDS to MBBS Bridge Course 2021

It is a popularly known fact that studying BDS is always the second choice for almost every student who is willing to enter the medical field. Not only this, our country has always faced a shortage of medical professionals considering our ever-growing population.

However, there are a minimal number of medical seats. One also has to keep in mind that there is an acute want of medical staff in our country’s rural areas.

One of the many such issues is the lack of employment opportunities for BDS students after completing their education.

With India currently facing these three significant problems in the medical sector, the MCI (Medical Council of India) and the DCI (Dental Council of India) have decided to co-ordinately come up with a 3-year course for the BDS students to make a straight shift to MBBS on clearing an entrance exam in their 3rd year.

This bridge course has also been accepted by NITI Aayog and is now facilitating all students looking forward to crossing the bridge between BDS and MBBS. This recent development will prove to be a massive advancement in the medical field of India.

Since the plan was brought to notice in 2019, and with that, we entered the pandemic period in 2020, the curriculum and other guidelines are yet to be finalized and announced. The program runs through some necessary policies and objectives for the current to make this critical shift.

How can one make sure that they will be able to Switch from BDS to MBBS?

Here we have listed below a few tips which will help you in becoming more confident with this bridge course from BDS to MBBS.

  1. Make sure to attain excellent marks in all your semesters while you are in your dental college. Since a cumulative total is considered for your entrance, a good scorecard is of high importance.
  2. Start preparing for your entrance test well before time because this chance will only be available once, and there is no going back in time.
  3. Study the subjects you think will coincide with the MBBS course in depth.
  4. Keep yourself aware of the application dates so that you don’t miss out on the opportunity.

What is the Basic Difference between BDS and MBBS?

Now that we have learned about the bridge course let’s know a little about the individual courses. Both the courses are undergraduate-level courses, but there are some differences between the two. The primary difference lies in the duration and curriculum of the respective courses.

While the BDS program is of 4.5 years, the MBBS course runs for 5.5 years, including the mandatory internship period. Overall, the Medical Council of India is responsible for the regulation of the MBBS program, whereas the Dental Council of India regulates the BDS program.

FAQs on BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

1. Is BDS to MBBS Bridge Course approved?

Yes, BDS to MBBS Bridge Course is approved by the NITI Aayog.

2. Is BDS tougher than MBBS?

MBBS and BDS are equally different. If you don’t want to pursue higher studies you can go for BDS rather than MBBS.

3. Is MBBS Syllabus the same as BDS?

MBBS Syllabus is almost the same as BDS and only a few subjects change.

Curriculum Vs Syllabus | Definitions, Differences and Similarities Between Syllabus and Curriculum

Curriculum Vs Syllabus

Curriculum Vs Syllabus: Every student in his or her student life has heard of these two terms. They are – Syllabus and Curriculum. Though they may indicate a similar thing in the literal meaning, these two words’ intention is different.

A syllabus consists of a subject that is to be taught in one term or semester and a detailed explanation of the topics covered in the subject.

The general understanding of a curriculum can be a little confusing. To put it simply, a curriculum is the base outline of any educational content. While the syllabus is descriptive, the curriculum is prescriptive. What does it prescribe? It prescribes the object of an educational system, while the syllabus shows the way to achieve them.

Also Refer: BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

Only education is not related to the curriculum. Some extra activities and all the academic contents can also be part of a curriculum. However, it depends on the governing organization.

The small difference between these two Curriculum & Syllabus is the syllabus is directed to a particular subject and its topics. Simultaneously, the curriculum is directed towards the broader picture – all the subjects and the other activities in an academic course (if any).

This Blog Includes:

Definition of Syllabus

A syllabus is a document that consists of a subject and the topics related to the subject. If a student is studying in an autonomous institute, the syllabus is designed by the institute. Otherwise, the syllabus is created by the examination board with the help of the professors.

The professors determine quality. And in the end, it is made available to the students by their respective institutions. In modern times, syllabuses are designed in hard copy and electronic copies.

Some may question what the relevance of the syllabus in the presence of the curriculum is. Well, the syllabus works as a guide to the students for getting an insight into the topics. It also consists of the expected assignments, tests, projects, general rules, and failure consequences.

The syllabus thus gives detailed instruction and contents of respective subjects.

Differences Between Syllabus and Curriculum

What is The Purpose of the Syllabus?

  • A mutual understanding of the subjects between students and teachers.
  • Having a goal in mind and setting a responsible expectation of concepts to grasp and learn.
  • Providing a detailed roadmap of the course institute.
  • Gaining knowledge through the study of subjects.
  • Meeting the student expectation judging their age level.

Definition of Curriculum

The curriculum is the guideline of the chapters and all the educational content following a particular program or course. Some think that the curriculum is served by the school or college. In reality and practical sense, the curriculum serves a broader spectrum.

It consists of the knowledge, behaviour, performance, attitude, and skill expected of a student. It also covers the teaching methods, mental exercises, assignments, study resources, tutorials, presentations, and learning objectives.

The curriculum is well planned and designed by the regulatory body of an institution. It benefits the student both mentally and physically. The learning curve a student would go through depends solely on the curriculum.

Types of Curriculum

There are various types of curriculum. Some are:

  • Explicit Curriculum: A formal curriculum that includes specific procedures and ways for exemplary implementation.
  • Hidden Curriculum: This does not include any intended outcomes because it results from the application of the explicit curriculum.
  • Excluded Curriculum: It has a relationship with what is not taught in the course.

What is The Purpose of Curriculum?

According to the experts, the curriculum’s purpose relies on making today’s students the future asset. Some of the core motives and intent of the curriculum is to build-

  • Successful learners: building enthusiasm and motivation in the students. Students should develop new ideas and have a unique thinking calibre.
  • Confident individual: Students should develop self-respect and a healthy sense of physical and emotional well-being. Students should be self-aware and pursue a healthy and responsible lifestyle.
  • Responsible citizens: Students should respect others. They should commit to taking an active part in political, social, economic, and cultural life shortly or when needed. They should learn about the world and different beliefs and cultural policies.
  • Effective contributors: Students should grow up to be good communicators. Making sure they can work in teams and work alone too. They should be able to communicate and adjust to different settings.

Syllabus and Curriculum

Relationship Between Curriculum and Syllabus | Similarities Between Curriculum vs Syllabus

  1. Both the curriculum and syllabus are related to the concept of teaching.
  2. Both curriculum and syllabus provide strong guidelines.
    • The first provides the outline of the whole course.
    • The second provides the policies of a particular subject referred to in the curriculum.
  3. Both are equally important in the holistic development of a student.

Difference Between Syllabus and Curriculum

Syllabus Curriculum
The syllabus is a part of a curriculum. The syllabus is more about a particular subject and the containing details of it. A well-constructed syllabus helps a student have a more in-depth look into the topics’ depths and help him/her be well prepared for exams. The curriculum includes the overall content of a course of study during a specific amount of time. It consists of all sorts of things relevant to the system. It is not only directed towards the students but also to the teachers.
The syllabus is all about the description of the topics, so it is generally descriptive, and as the curriculum provides the basic outline of a course, it is prescriptive. The examination governing body determines a curriculum of a course. Usually, this control relies on state government or central government. At the same time, the syllabus is designed with the help of knowledgeable professors of institutions.
Change in the syllabus is standard and not so much intricate work. The syllabus changes overtime to catch up to the new topics and subjects. The governing bodies also do it, but in the autonomous institution, usually, teachers are responsible for this. Adjustments to the curriculum are quite tricky as it serves a wide area, so one has to go to the root to change something in a curriculum, which can be pretty hectic, by the way. This scope is not available to others and only open to the higher-ups.
The syllabus is fixed for a specific term or semester. A curriculum ends when the course ends. Accessibility is another thing that is different for these two. Usually, the curriculum is not accessible to the students. Students are only allowed to access the syllabus of an ongoing course. Though there are some exceptions, teachers can access the syllabus and the curriculum in most cases.
The syllabus is different from student to student and teacher to teacher. As every student in a course does not study the same subjects, and each teacher also does not teach the same subjects, it is evident that the syllabus will differ. Things are different for the curriculum, though. As long as a course lasts, It is the same for every teacher as well as students.

Comparison Chart

BASIS FOR COMPARISON SYLLABUS CURRICULUM
Meaning Syllabus is the document that contains all the portion of the concepts covered in a subject. Curriculum is the overall content, taught in an educational system or a course.
Origin Syllabus is a Greek term. Curriculum is a Latin term.
Set for A subject A course
Nature Descriptive Prescriptive
Scope Narrow Wide
Set out by Exam board Government or the administration of the school, college, or institute.
Term For a fixed term, normally a year. Till the course lasts.
Uniformity Varies from teacher to teacher. Same for all teachers.

FAQ’s on Curriculum Vs Syllabus

Question 1.
Is the syllabus a part of the curriculum?

Answer:
A Syllabus is a unit of curriculum. The curriculum consists of many factors that define an educational course. The syllabus only covers the topics of a particular subject. Since detailing a subject falls under an academic system, you may call the syllabus a part of the curriculum.

Question 2.
How both syllabus and curriculum are designed?

Answer:
some teachers mainly design syllabus. Teachers take care of the topics related to the subject. The curriculum is designed by mainly exam control board. It means it is governed by the same organization that creates the terminal examinations in the school and colleges.

Question 3.
What is a Textbook?

Answer:
It is generally a book for guidance. Students take help from textbooks to better understand topics referred to in the syllabus. Usually, a reader should have an excellent and student-friendly presentation to grasp the concepts of an issue.

Question 4.
Can the curriculum change?

Answer:
Yes, the curriculum can change, but it is not what one sees very often to happen. The curriculum can vary due to various reasons. But the primary reason is to improve the all-around educational approach. This includes teaching approaches, followed sources, and so on.

Question 5.
What is the meaning of the revised syllabus and revised curriculum?

Answer:
A revised curriculum means restructuring a curriculum based on the students’ skills and their needs and abilities. A revised syllabus means making changes in the current syllabus, either adding, removing, or updating it. The Syllabus change is more often than curriculum change.

Arts Stream Subjects Complete List | Courses, Career Options, Jobs, Salary Offered

Arts Stream Subjects

Arts Stream Subjects: Previously the least opted stream, the Arts field has now acquired immense importance with various opening career opportunities across multiple sectors. There are excellent career options after the Arts Stream, starting from literary studies, Law and moving towards Journalism and Hotel Management. Furthermore, the Arts stream and Humanities also offer a more excellent range of subjects than the Commerce and Science stream.

Some Common Arts Stream Subjects are History, Economics, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Philosophy, Sociology, Regional Language, Hindi, English, Computer Science, etc. In this stream, the students must choose a combination of subjects that the selected school and education board offers. A Brief description of the Arts Stream Subjects that you can choose and career options related to them are provided. Thus, students can find the right and suitable subject combination for themselves. Arts Stream Subjects List, Arts Stream Subjects in 11th CBSE, Subjects in Arts Stream After 10th.

Education Boards that Offer the Arts Stream Subjects

While considering India’s current education system, apart from the students of state boards, students have access to study Arts stream subject from the three most prominent and significant education boards, which are CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education), ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education), and IB (International Baccalaureate). Indian students have the right to choose any study board of their choice and preference that is best suited for them. There is a significant difference in all the study boards, and that is based on varying difficulty levels.

Among all the boards available that offer Arts stream studies in India, IB is the most challenging board as its main focus is on practical learning. Then comes the ICSE board in terms of the difficulty level, followed by CBSE, which is widely popular with a moderate difficulty level. Furthermore, every Indian state has its state education board and MOI for the institutes affiliated with English and regional languages.
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Why Study the Best Arts Stream Subjects?

The arts stream, also famous as the Humanities stream, provides the student’s resources to learn and study human society and World. This is a broader stream that offers numerous career opportunities and options to the students. Starting with the learning of human interaction in the group to understanding the legal human rights of all the citizens, Arts stream contains all the topics for these.

Different from Science and Commerce, the Arts stream has a broader range of subjects for the students to choose from, and for the institutions offering a good number of elective options, the student also gets a chance to design the entire curriculum according to their desires and study the best subject combinations.

Major Arts Stream Subjects Name List

There are numerous subjects available in the Arts stream for Class 11 students, like Psychology, Economics, Political Science, Geography, History, etc. The arts subjects’ list is also widely similar for the Class 12 students, but the entire curriculum is raised to the advanced level with added elective elements. Arts is a diverse study field with subjects ranging from various languages to humanities. All the included subjects are differentiated as electives or cores at the school and college level.

Given below is a list of significant subjects included under the Arts stream of Class 11 and Class 12:

  • Geography
  • History
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • English
  • Hindi
  • Sanskrit
  • Sociology
  • Economics

Apart from the Arts stream’s above-mentioned subjects, there are other options, including Mathematics, legal studies, Computer science, Music, Dance, graphic, Painting, Entrepreneurship, Hindi, English, and Arabic Japanese, German, French, Sanskrit, Russian, etc.

Best Arts Stream Subjects

Best Arts Stream Subjects After 10th

Here is a list of the best Arts stream subjects offered to the students of various study boards. Students also get an opportunity to choose subjects in combination and pursue the self-designed courses after class 12th Arts.

  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Philosophy
  • Music
  • Human Rights and Gender Studies
  • Informatics Practices
  • Public AdministrationHistory
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Political Science
  • English
  • Home Science
  • Legal Studies
  • Mass Media Studies
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Physical Education
  • Fashion Studies
  • Fine Arts

Complete Guide on Major Arts Stream Subjects List

History

History is among the oldest Arts stream subjects that teach human civilization from the prehistoric period to the present time. This covers many significant historical events, such as focusing on art and architecture, such as Indian Arts history, and imparts knowledge on the work of the World’s more excellent personalities. The subject curriculum also takes the student on a journey of humankind. It develops insights into the development and future, pursuing further academic courses like BA History and MA History, etc., its future development, etc.

The students will gain in-depth knowledge about ancient History, Modern History, Medieval History, Political History, Worlds’ culture, literature and language, and other diverse areas. And the graduates from this field can enter into various professions like Media studies, travel and tourism, civil services, public administration, conservation management, teaching, research, and archaeology.

Economics

In economics, the students study systems or processes by which the goods and services are produced, sold, and bought at a more significant level (macroeconomics) and smaller individual level (microeconomics). The subject mainly deals with economic agents’ interactions and behavior and how different types of economies function.

There are various domains available for the students, from managerial and business economics to agricultural and financial economics. After pursuing the courses like BA economics and BSc Economics, students can enter the sectors like real estate, banking, finance, manufacturing firms, consulting services, NGOs, and other governmental agencies to have a successful career.

Geography

To study relationships between people and their environment, students pursue geography and understand the Earth’s people and economy, and physical properties. Geography’s syllabus builds a stronger foundation in landforms related concepts fauna and flora, population, economy, World, transportations, natural calamities, etc.

The students interested in developing maps and travel guides can choose the subject program in Cartography specialization. Students striving for a Geography career can choose from various job opportunities like GIS specialist, Teacher, Town Planner, Environmental Consultant, etc.

Political Science

This is a core Arts stream subject, dealing with the state and systems of scientific analysis and government of various political activities and actions and their behavior. Administrative theories and domain concepts cover various subfields like international relations, political economy, public policy, political methodology, etc.

Students interested in the Subject can cover BA Political Science, and then MA Political Science can help the students discover a broader spectrum of a potential career in the Subject.

English

English is among the compulsory Arts Stream subjects that offer a structured syllabus covering various concepts. The curriculum focuses on improved writing and speaking skills, and it also ensures that the students get a better reading skill through the works of literature. School-level English builds a foundation for English Literature courses and clears prominent competitive examinations like the English Olympiad Exam, TOEFL, IELTS, etc.

Psychology

It is a multidisciplinary science-related study that deals with learning of the mind, behavior, and various mental skills, including sports, human development, social behavior, health, clinic, cognitive processes, etc. This Class 12th Arts subject involves researching conscious and unconscious phenomena, feelings, and thought.

Students can pursue BSc Psychology, Clinical Psychology courses, and MSc Psychology to kick start their career in the subject stream. Students can further enter diverse career options like Social work, Criminal justice, Mental Health Services, Health Psychology, etc.

Music

Music is among the most creative and unique fields. The Subject limits a student’s career to music composition and helps them opt for various instrument-based programs, go for music production courses, etc.

By enrolling in further courses like Diploma in Music and Bachelors in Music, students gain immense knowledge of music writing, Film scoring, Sound production, etc. This has recently become one of the most popular Arts Stream subjects and equips learners with music editing abilities and communication skills.

Human Rights and Gender Studies

This is a subject devoted primarily to understanding fundamental rights and gender-related issues. It involves studying feminism, gender, politics, women’s and men’s studies, etc.

It helps the students understand the importance of various genders and their rights and how they help shape modern society better. Gender equality has always been a critical agenda, and several international approaches emerged towards human rights development.

Public Administration

This Subject helps formulate, implement, and monitor various public policies across several industries. Individuals focusing on career development in Civil Services through the UPSC exam can consider the option of enrolling in related degree programs.

Students can also pursue various courses like Masters in Public Administration and work as a teacher, consultant, fundraising manager, employee relations specialist, etc. As the field demands higher ethics professionals, it is perfect for those who can work for the community’s welfare and those who want to learn and better their communication and presentation skills.

Home Science

Home Science gives the students a scientific knowledge of health, nutrition, a balanced diet, and various growth measures. Graduates from Home Science can pursue a career in several specializations like Textile and clothing, Nutrition, Food, Family relations, Home Management, Extension Education, Child Development, etc.

There are various job opportunities for this field’s enthusiasts in apparel merchandising, commercial restaurants, fashion designing, welfare organizations, community development programs, etc.

Legal Studies

Pursuing a career in Legal Studies helps the students get an insight into the properties and behavior of political institutions, law sources, the evolution of laws and legal system, entities involved in legal processes, courts and their processes, the family justice system, social equality, and privacy, and many more.

This field deals mainly with the study of the mutual relationship between law and society. Students interested in the Subject can specialize in Labour law, Criminal Law, Cyber Law, Business Law, Environmental Law, etc., and pursue a career. Students going for LLM or LLB can also work in Business administration, Law and Justice, and other related fields of social services and social security, Insurance, etc.

Mass Media Studies

Mass Media field is derived mainly from the Social Sciences and Arts Stream Subjects. The specialization focuses primarily on various media types, History, and content and offers a broader range of career options after the 12th Board.

Students can go for Content Writing Courses, Bachelor of Journalism, New Media, Video productions, Film Studies, Mass Communication Courses, etc. This field has various diverse work areas like Writing and Publishing, Digital Media, Journalism, Cinema, newspapers, etc.

Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship resembles Business Studies a lot but offers a basic understanding and brief on the developing principles, management and organizing of business ventures, etc. Along with the knowledge of handling risks associated with start-ups, this Subject’s programs also enhance other career skills.

Furthermore, while pursuing advanced courses like MBA in Entrepreneurship, Corporate Entrepreneurship, etc., the students can access jobs in various industries as a sales manager, consultant, etc. They can also work as smaller business owners, developers of more recent ventures, etc.

Fashion Studies

This field study helps the students develop a historical and critical understanding of fashion and the study of its complex intersections with cultures and identities. Students also get an opportunity to investigate the materials and dimensions of style in visual forms like a dress, image, bodily picture, etc.

This study area also includes various factors which influence fashion and its key concepts and terminologies. Whether it involves starting a career in fashion designing or pursuing other fields, there are multiple opportunities for Fashion studies graduates, including Fashion designing, retail buying, and management, textile designing, make-up artist, etc.

Fine Arts

This is among the most suitable Arts Stream subjects for the students wanting to build a career in applied art, commercial art, painting, sculpture, etc. Fine arts inculcate creative thinking in the students and helps them understand artistic marvels and their histories and practical training in their chosen specialization.

The students interested in the Subject can choose courses like Bachelors of Fine Arts and Masters of Fine Arts apart from others. They can work in a broader range of profiles like set designing, film direction, multimedia programming, art therapy, etc.

Also, Read:

Courses List for Arts Stream

There are various advanced courses available for higher education for the students pursuing Arts in Class 11th and 12th. This forces the students into a dilemma of choosing the right one according to their interests and desires. Here is a list of higher education courses that students learning and understanding best Arts Stream subjects can opt for:

  • Bachelor of Arts (BA)
  • BA in English
  • BA in English Literature
  • Bachelor of Business management
  • Bachelor of Physical Education (BPEd)
  • Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS)
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM)
  • Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS)
  • Bachelor of Social Work
  • Bachelor of Event Management
  • Bachelor of Fashion Designing
  • Bachelor of Design (BDes)
  • BBA LLB
  • BA LLB
  • BA in Journalism and Mass Communication

Career Options after 12th Arts Stream

The students having class 12th Boards degree from Arts stream can choose from a diverse range of career options and outshine in the field. The students can also pursue bachelor’s courses with various arts specializations or enter the law domain.

Students can also indulge in the social science stream or go for fashion designing, dance, or Music, based on their interests and hobbies. Students can also prepare for other competitive examinations and get a better post in governmental organizations. Here are some job profiles that students learning the Best Arts Stream subjects can choose:

  • Lawyer
  • Fashion Designer
  • Journalist
  • Event Planner
  • Graphic Designer
  • Lecturer

Conclusion

Art is a diverse subject that is widely popular in recent times. It involves various subjects and is available on all the education boards of India. Students going for this stream in Class 11th and 12th can also get a fantastic opportunity to design their entire curriculum and then go for higher education according to their interest streams and subjects.

Branches of Linguistics | Definitions, Scope, Important Aspects, Branches, Top Universities, Career Options

Branches of Linguistics

Branches of Linguistics: Whatever you try to speak and communicate is difficult. Human language is complex knowledge and abilities that enable the speaker to communicate with others. Thus they share their ideas, views, emotions, and desires with others. The way you speak depicts your expressions and feelings. Linguistic is the study of the science of languages. It defines how languages originated over time, how it is acquired, and what a person feels while expressing it.

Linguistics is a matter which deals with the nature of language. What do humans have in common? How different languages evolved. How different are human languages? How do you become familiar with a language in such a short time? Also, it deals with the limitations that a language has. In all, linguistics is a wide area of study which clears your usual doubts.

The below blog will help you understand the in-depth concept of linguistics, Macro and Micro Branches Of Linguistics, its key features, advantages, and how linguistics deals with a good career. More to know

How Will You Define Linguistics?

The study of different languages deals with linguistics. You make different analyses, form a different perception in your mind, and learn the different contexts of languages while dealing with them. Linguistics is a wide area of study which makes you understand the nature of a language, how humans learn them, and how it has evolved. Your language states what you feel and express. Also, know how a language can put on the fire to bring up better communication. Also, Linguistics deals with the cognitive processes that play an important role when we are learning a language.

Important Aspects of Linguistics

Important aspects of Linguistics that deals with the structure of a language

  • Phonetics: It is the study of speech sounds, thinking about their physical aspects.
  • Phonology: It is the study sounds that a person makes while speaking.
  • Syntax: Syntax is the formation of sentences.
  • Morphology: Morphology deals with the formation of words.
  • Semantics: It is the study of certain meanings.
  • Pragmatics: It is the study of using a language.

Also, you will learn how different economic, social, political, cultural, and historical factors bring a change in your language and tone.

Important Aspects of Linguistics

What are the Different Branches of Linguistics and its Definition?

Linguistics is a very vast topic to deal with. Thus there are different subfields formed, which are known as branches of linguistics. Different interdisciplinary branches of linguistics are:

  • Historical Linguistics
  • Applied Linguistics
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Computational Linguistics
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Comparative Linguistics
  • Stylistics

Let us study each one in detail:

  • Historical Linguistics: Historical Linguistics defines the evolution of languages over a span of time. Also, what changes a language has to undergo from the past many years. Also, you will understand what the different languages that evolved over the years are.
  • Applied Linguistics: Applied Linguistics is the branch that deals with a problem-solving way in language and to provide better real-life issues related to the language. It is a combined knowledge field that gains knowledge from other branches, including psychology, sociology, anthropology.
  • Socio Linguistics: It deals with the effects of society and the social life of a person on his language. Also, it deals with the effects of the interaction between languages.
  • Computational Linguistics: This factor is concerned with the perception and study of written and spoken languages. In computer science, it deals with coding and programming skills.
  • Psycholinguistics: It deals with the study of various psychological factors that include how humans use and speak their language.
  • Comparative Linguistics: It defines how a language is similar and different from others. It deals with the properties of a language and its origin. Also, it deals with developing languages that are two or more languages having the same parent.
  • Stylistics: It deals with the study and interpretation of your tone. However, it does not limit symbolism, regional accents, dialogues, rhyme, sentence structure, etc.

Top Universities That Offer Linguistics Study

Until now, we have studied different linguistics branches; you will now study how you can specialize in a language and its study. There are several universities in the world that deal with the special study of these concepts. Below are the listed top universities that offer the best study in linguistics.

  • The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) (United States)
  • University of Maryland, College Park
  • Stanford University
  • The University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
  • University of Oxford (UK)
  • Harvard University
  • University of Cambridge
  • The University of Edinburgh
  • University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Also Check: Modes of Communication

How Linguistics Bring Better Career Options?

Whatever your study will surely bring success and good career opportunities if done with full determination. The study of languages also brings wide options for having a flashing career. You are welcomed to take up different jobs in different sectors, including education, publishing, and language services. Below are the listed job options after studying linguistics:

  • Speech Therapist
  • Social Researcher
  • Lexicographer
  • Teaching Assistant
  • Language Translator
  • Public Librarian
  • Research Associate
  • Accent Coach
  • Interpreter
  • Copywriter
  • Translator
  • Professor
  • Copy Editor
  • Proofreader
  • Writer
  • Language Teacher
  • Audiologist

Career Options in Linguistics

What is the Scope of Linguistics?

The topic of linguistics is never-ending. As communication is an important part of human life, evolution in a language keeps entering. Every day we cross thousands of new words to learn. Linguistics brings an advanced scope to human life. Below are the listed subfields of scope in linguistics:

  • Phonology
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Phonetics
  • Syntax
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Semantics
  • Historical Linguistics
  • Pragmatics
  • Computational Linguistics

In our entire life, linguistics has real-life applications. It has provided an extensive scope of study and explore a bit more and learn the language’s nature. It brings shining future career options for you.

Do Refer: 50 Difficult Words with Meanings 

Employment Options in Linguistics

Below are the listed fields of employment after studying linguistics:

  • Lexicography
  • Historical Research
  • Teaching
  • Anthropology
  • Speech and Language Therapy
  • Linguistics Research
  • Computer Science and Programming
  • Social Psychology
  • Editing, Proofreading & Translations
  • Sociology

FAQ’s on Scope and Branches of Linguistics

Question 1.
What are the primary important branches of linguistics?

Answer:
Branches of linguistics are like their subparts which includes:

  • Phonetics
  • Pragmatics
  • Phonology
  • Semantics
  • Syntax
  • Morphology

Question 2.
What is the main purpose of studying linguistics?

Answer:
Linguistics deals with the advancement in knowledge transfer. It deals with the study of intellectual interaction among people. You will understand how people communicate, their feelings while they speak, and why it is important to communicate. Also, you will understand how two languages are similar and dissimilar to each other.

Question 3.
What is the branch of linguistics that studies meaning?

Answer:
Semantics is the branch of linguistics that is concentrated on the study of the meanings of words.