Mahamana Malaviya legacy and Last Journey

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Mahamana Malaviya legacy and Last Journey

Mahamana Malaviya

Patriotism and religious faith were two basic mantras of his life. Their excellent synthesis was his characteristic virtue. He believed that, “Religion is merely to transform the brute in man into the divine. Development of the human is actually the divine and Godly, and selfless service to all human beings is true worship of God.”

Bom in a poor family, he started earning thousands monthly. He tasted luxury and wealth but giving heed to the call of the nation, renouncing all he again embraced poverty.

He worked all his life for mobilising resources for public service and was called “Prince among beggars”. A great patriot, wise man with blemishless public life, servant to the masses, epitome of compassion and goodwill, excellent orator, modest, loving all beings, lover of fine arts, living a simple life—Madan Mohan Malaviya contained all these. That is why the country loved him calling “Mahamana Malaviya”.

The Last Journey

In his advancing age, Malaviya could not withstand the mental shock and agony of the pre-partition riots and disturbances and closed his eyes upon this world on November 12, 1946 at the ripe old age of 85.

The news spread like wildfire. People broke down. The great light was out. The soul merged with the Oversoul. The city came under heavy pall of gloom. The Banaras Hindu University, his most prized creation, was closed for ten days. Condolence meetings were held all over India. His last journey is a historic event for Banaras.

Malaviya passed away in 1946 but his spirit still lives and there are many who bear the torch that he lit, many more stand ready to shoulder the mantle of his responsibility.


Mahamana’s life size portrait was unveiled in the Central Hall of India’s Parliament by the first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad, and his life-size statue was unveiled in 1961 by the then President of India Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in front of the BHU main gate on the occasion of his birth centenary. The year 2011 has been celebrated as his 150th birth cenetenary by the Government of India.

On 25 December 2008, on his birth anniversary, the national memorial of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya was inaugurated by the then president A.P.J. Abdul Kalam at 53, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, in New Delhi.

Malaviya Nagar in Allahabad, Lucknow, Delhi, Bhopal and Jaipur are named after him. A postage stamp has been printed in India in his honour. Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) at Jaipur is named after him, as is Madan Mohan Malaviya Engineering College in Gorakhpur, UP. He started the tradition of Arati at Har ki Pauri Haridwar to the sacred Ganges river which is performed till date, the Malaviya Dwipa, a small island across the ghat, is named after him.

Chronology of Events

  • 25.12.1861 : Bom in Allahabad
  • 1878 : Marriage with Kundan Devi in Mirzapur
  • 1884 : Done B.A. from Calcutta University
  • July 1884 : Became Teacher in Allahabad District School
  • December 1886 : Attended llnd Congress Conference in Calcutta under Chairmanship of Dadabhai Naoroji.
  • July 1887 : Accepted Editorship of the Hindostan in Kalakankar. Founded conference of Bharat Dharma Mandal
  • July 1889 : Left editorship, joined L.L.B. n Allahabad
  • 1891 : Started practice in Allahabad District Court
  • December 1893 : Started practice at Allahabad High Court
  • 1902-1903 : Constructed Hindu Boarding House in Allahabad
  • 1903-1912 : Became a member of Provincial Council
  • 1904 : Made Proposal of establishing Hindu University 53
  • January 1906 : Convened Sanatan Dharma Mahasabha on Kumbh in Allahabad. Decision to open university in Banaras.
  • 1907 : Started Editorship of the Abhyudaya.
  • 1909 : Accepted Editorship of the English daily Leader. Chaired the Lahore Congress.
  • 1910-20 : Became Member, Indian Legislative Council
  • 22 November 1911 : Formation of the Hindu University Society
  • December 1911 : At 50 gave up practice. Decision to serve country and work for establishing the university
  • February 1915 : Formation of Prayag Seva Samiti under his chairmanship
  • October 1915 : The Banaras Hindu University Bill passed
  • 04 February 1916 : Foundation ceremony of the university
  • March 1916 : Presented against Indentured Labour system in Councils
  • 1916-18 : Became Member, Industrial Commission
  • 1918 : Formation of Scout Association by Seva Samiti
  • December 1918 : Chaired Annual Congress Conference in Delhi
  • February 1919 : Debated on the Rowlett Bill in Council, Resignation from Council.
  • Nov 1919 : Became Vice Chancellor, Banaras Hindu University
  • January 1922 : Convened all party conference
  • 16 December 1922 : Delivered speech on Hindu Muslim goodwill in Lahore
  • 1924 : Formation of Independent Party in District and Assembly Satyagraha on Sangam in Allahabad.
  • August 1926 : Formation of Congress Independent Party with Lala Lajpat Rai
  • December 1929 : Delivered convocation address in BHU. Asked students to serve nation and be patriot.
  • 1930 : Resigned from Assembly. Arrested in Delhi. Six months prison sentence.
  • 5 April 1931 : Delivered speech on Hindu-Muslim Unity in Kanpur.
  • 1931 : Attended Round Table Conference with Mahatma Gandhi in London.
  • March 1932 : Formed All India Swadeshi Union in Banaras.
  • 20 April 1932 : Nominated President of Delhi Congress. Arrested
  • September 1932 : Chaired meeting on emancipation of outcasts in Bombay
  • April 1932 : Arrested in Asansole as Calcutta Congress President
  • August 1934 : Delivered speech on emancipation of the outcasts in Gandhi’s meeting in Banaras.
  • January 1936 : Convened Sanatan Dharma Mahasabha Conference in Allahabad. Proposal for emancipation of outcasts.
  • November 1939 : Appointed life Rector of BHU
  • 1941 : Founded Goraksha Mandal
  • January 1942 : Attended Gandhi’s convocation address on Silver Jubilee of BHU
  • 12 November 1946 : Passed Away at the age of 85.