The Biography of Famous Personalities of India will tell you about the controversies, the dark sides of a person that you may have never heard of.
Bose Entering The Freedom Movement and The First Imprisonment
Entering The Freedom Movement
Subhashbabu’s national fervour was highly intensified by the martyrdom of revolutionaries like Khudiram Bose, Kanai Dutta and Satyen Bose, who were hanged to death, and thus, sacrificed their lives for the sake of the freedom of the nation.
After returning to India from England, Subhashbabu entered the freedom movement. At this time, Gandhian ideology had spread and pervaded Indian politics. Subhashbabu observed how Indians living in the remotest places had immense faith in Gandhiji. Looking at the passion and the enthusiasm on the faces of the people simply by the presence of Gandhiji, Subhashbabu realized that irrespective of whether one agreed or disagreed with Gandhiji’s ideals, it was not possible to maintain the crowds of people without him. Therefore, Subhashbabu went to Gandhiji for guidance. Gandhiji talked to Subhash and advised him to meet the Bengali leader, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who was also known as Dasbabu.
Subhash met Dasbabu. Dasbabu had renounced everything for the sake of the country. He was well-known as an eminent leader in Bengal, and was the President of Bengal Congress as well. He believed that some of Gandhiji’s ideals were excessive and severe, and that Gandhiji laid too much of insistence on non-violence, which was unacceptable. Subhashbabu was impressed by Dasbabu’s thoughts, and expressed his desire to work with him. So he joined political activities under his guidance.
At this time, Gandhiji was leading the Non-cooperation movement (1920-1922). Dasbabu was heading this movement in Bengal. Subhash joined him in this movement. Dasbabu assigned Subhash the responsibilities of the principalship at Calcutta’s National College. Here, the students were taught the lessons of nationalism together with their academics.
Dasbabu also handed over the responsibility of the newspaper called ‘Swarajya’ to Subhashchandra. The newspaper enabled Subhashchandra to express the mindset and understanding behind the freedom movement, and this earned him popularity among people.
The First Imprisonment
England’s heir apparent, the Prince of Wales, visited India on 17th of November 1921. According to the directive of the Congress, different programmes of hostility were organised at this event of his arrival. Calcutta was declared totally shut down on this date. When the Prince visited Calcutta on 24th of December 1921, there were many demonstrations of protest and strikes all over the city.
Dasbabu and Subhash Chandra were sentenced to six months imprisonment on 10th December, 1921, for the act of protesting against the visit of the Prince of Wales. Both of them were jailed together, and thus they became closer during this time. Finally, Subhash’s quest for a Guru which began when he was fifteen, was fulfilled when he became close to Dasbabu. They were both released on 24th August 1922. This was Subhashchandra’s first imprisonment.
Following the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura in February, 1922 during the Non-cooperation movement, Gandhiji decided to withdraw this movement. Subhashbabu did not approve of this. Subhashbabu’s political outlook began differing from that of Gandhiji at this point. Gandhiji wished to win the hearts of the enemy.
Subhashbabu wished to grab the power from their control. He believed that one should take advantage of every mistake committed by the enemy. We should win as many battles and movements as possible. The fight should go on, the enemy should be cornered, and Indians should be redeemed from negative forces. One should never miss out an opportunity to win a mental combat against the enemy. He used to say, ‘There will soon come a time when we will have to fight like Shivaji for Swaraj. Weapons and bravery are the only means to free our motherland from slavery.”